apostolic succession

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Related to apostolicity: catholicity

apostolic succession,

in Christian theology, the doctrine asserting that the chosen successors of the apostles enjoyed through God's grace the same authority, power, and responsibility as was conferred upon the apostles by Jesus. Therefore present-day bishops, as the successors of previous bishops, going back to the apostles, have this power by virtue of this unbroken chain. For the Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Anglican churches, this link with the apostles is what guarantees for them their authority in matters of faith, morals, and the valid administration of sacraments. Essential to maintaining the apostolic succession is the right consecration of bishops. Apostolic succession is to be distinguished from the Petrine supremacy (see papacypapacy
, office of the pope, head of the Roman Catholic Church. He is pope by reason of being bishop of Rome and thus, according to Roman Catholic belief, successor in the see of Rome (the Holy See) to its first bishop, St. Peter.
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). Protestants (other than Anglican) see the authority given to the apostles as unique, proper to them alone, and hence reject any doctrine of a succession of their power. The Protestant view of ecclesiastical authority differs accordingly. See orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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; churchchurch
[probably Gr.,=divine], aggregation of Christian believers. The traditional belief has the church the community of believers, living and dead, headed by Jesus, who founded it in the apostles. This is the doctrine of the mystical body of Christ (Eph. 1.22–23).
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succession, apostolic:

see apostolic successionapostolic succession,
in Christian theology, the doctrine asserting that the chosen successors of the apostles enjoyed through God's grace the same authority, power, and responsibility as was conferred upon the apostles by Jesus.
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References in periodicals archive ?
24 (PL 20.546-50) and Dvornik, Idea of Apostolicity 14-15.
"Catholicity and Apostolicity" began in 1966 and was completed in 1968.
Many gallons of ecumenical ink have been fruitfully spilled on the subject of apostolicity, largely focused on fidelity to the apostolic faith and how that faith might be signed and represented as the churches begin to more deeply appreciate and evaluate each other's ecclesiality.
To read "catholicity" through the lenses of apostolicity would emphasize the multi-dimensionality, multilingual and multicultural diversity of the shape of the gospel.
The recent Lutheran-Roman Catholic report on The Apostolicity of the Church (2006) asks whether, having uncovering a substantial agreement about many aspects of the doctrine of ministry, a differentiated consensus might be possible about it as well.
Finally, the themes of this section on the laity (apostolicity, communion in a shared baptism, mission, dialogue, and participation) are brought together in a recent ad limina address by Pope John Paul II to the U.
This is a central implication of affirming the apostolicity of the Church, which is inseparable from the other three attributes of the Church--unity, holiness and catholicity." (4) More specifically, the ecumenical issue is a matter of discovering a more and more genuine convergence between the two crucial Nicene marks of apostolicity and unity.
Faith and Order has raised the important issue of whether "mutual recognition of baptism is a process of the churches' discerning apostolicity in each other's communion." See Minutes of the Faith and Order Standing Commission, 9-16 January 2002, Gazzada, Utaly.
P.'s insights are essential for a renewed theology of ordained ministry: the purpose of ordination to build up the Church, the assembly as the subject of the epiclesis, the responsibility of the local church for apostolicity, the necessity of reconnecting priestly function and pastoral charge.
Greater priority, energy and resources of the churches should be devoted to this effort, even if that means for a time less emphasis on its apostolicity. It also may require new instruments to facilitate the discovery process.
* 2011, Riga, Eethonia--The theme was "Apostolicity of the Church." This meeting coincided with the meeting of the European Pentecostal and Charismatic Research Association.