apostolic succession

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Related to apostolicity: catholicity

apostolic succession,

in Christian theology, the doctrine asserting that the chosen successors of the apostles enjoyed through God's grace the same authority, power, and responsibility as was conferred upon the apostles by Jesus. Therefore present-day bishops, as the successors of previous bishops, going back to the apostles, have this power by virtue of this unbroken chain. For the Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Anglican churches, this link with the apostles is what guarantees for them their authority in matters of faith, morals, and the valid administration of sacraments. Essential to maintaining the apostolic succession is the right consecration of bishops. Apostolic succession is to be distinguished from the Petrine supremacy (see papacypapacy
, office of the pope, head of the Roman Catholic Church. He is pope by reason of being bishop of Rome and thus, according to Roman Catholic belief, successor in the see of Rome (the Holy See) to its first bishop, St. Peter.
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). Protestants (other than Anglican) see the authority given to the apostles as unique, proper to them alone, and hence reject any doctrine of a succession of their power. The Protestant view of ecclesiastical authority differs accordingly. See orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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; churchchurch
[probably Gr.,=divine], aggregation of Christian believers. The traditional belief has the church the community of believers, living and dead, headed by Jesus, who founded it in the apostles. This is the doctrine of the mystical body of Christ (Eph. 1.22–23).
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.

succession, apostolic:

see apostolic successionapostolic succession,
in Christian theology, the doctrine asserting that the chosen successors of the apostles enjoyed through God's grace the same authority, power, and responsibility as was conferred upon the apostles by Jesus.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Ministry, Episcopate, Primacy, Apostolicity, Priesthood.
Koopman argues further that the four central features of the church (catholicity, unity, apostolicity, and holiness) testify to the embracing and inclusive love of the triune God.
The Catholicity of the Reformation (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996), 61-62; Scripture and Tradition: Lutherans and Catholics in Dialogue IX, 29, 50; The Apostolicity of the Church Study Document of the Lutheran-Roman Catholic Commission on Unity.
introduced him earlier in support of the apostolicity of paedobaptism.
Keywords: Ministry, Apostolicity, Sacramental Dimension, Apostolic Succession, Defectus Ordinis.
Although almost all Christians would agree that apostolicity involves a succession in the faith of the apostles and a sharing in their mission to proclaim the Gospel to the ends of the earth, many Protestant churches and ecclesial communities would not go beyond that.
When Christians say (in the Nicene Creed) that we believe in "one, holy, catholic and apostolic church," we are making apostolicity a cornerstone of belief.
Apostolicity may be in jeopardy if, for example, some churchless Christians continue to worship other gods besides Jesus or fail to embrace Trinitarianism.
In the international Lutheran-Catholic Commission on Unity we are currently studying all aspects of apostolicity in the church.
While the essay is generally well argued, the reader would benefit from a clearer articulation of the legends regarding apostolicity that were under debate.
Mutual recognition is understood here as "acknowledgement of apostolicity in the other," (10) and thus recognition of baptism involves three levels on which apostolicity must be discerned: "a) discerning the apostolicity of the rite itself .
As a church historian, I was convinced that the document needed to speak to many of the ancient issues regarding such things as the historic marks of the church: its unity, holiness, apostolicity, and catholicity.