Appoggiatura

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Appoggiatura

 

(German Vorschlag), a melisma (seeORNAMENTATION) consisting of one or two notes that precede a main note in the melody. Appoggiaturas appear on the staff as small notes. The short appoggiatura (Appoggiatura) derives its value from the preceding note in the melody. The long appoggiatura, notated without the cross stroke, derives its value from the main note.

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It is standard practice in music to treat dolce coda semivowels as short as possible at the very end of a note's duration--often as appoggiature to the next syllable.
149) again call for appoggiature [to], with full value given to the [a] and [e] respectively.
Ces appoggiatures doivent toujour participer du caractere de la musique a laquelle on les joint" (Montgeroult, Cours complet, vol.
La necessite de donner aux notes une valeur pour les faire entrer dans la mesure, enleverait aux Appoggiatures toute leur elegance, si on les jouait exactement dans les proportions ou elles sont ecrites" (Montgeroult, Cours complet 3: 204).