Let's assume you are on the GQE R-137 about five miles northwest of the final approach course
, and you are at 3000 feet.
After my takeoff to the south and likely initial heading to the southeast, either of these approach options mean I would have to fly seven to 10 miles north before a turn west and eventual vector into the final approach course
(unless the reason for my return involved communications failure, in which case I'd have to fly even further for the full approach).
This approach included a holding pattern in order to align ourselves with the final approach course
. Reaching the holding waypoint heading outbound, I noticed what I thought was a smudge on the windscreen.
The aircraft overshot the runway centreline while turning onto the final approach course
for Runway 33.
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August 16, 1991: IC-257 crashed into high ground near the northeastern city of Imphal, reportedly after the crew failed to follow the correct approach course
, killing 69 on board.
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After overshooting the final approach course
by 20 degrees, the pilot rolled wings level at .8 miles, 200 feet above the water with 60 knots ground speed.
The RNAV (GPS)-A approach has a final approach course
that's offset from the runway by around 12 degrees and a standard three-degree descent angle.
Joining the final approach course
inbound, I'll configure the airplane and slow to approach speed--I use 110 KIAS and partial flaps, gear up, in the airplanes I usually fly.
As we intercepted the final approach course
and began our descent, we noticed that the visibility was worse than forecasted.
At any rate, there will be a healthy crosswind on the intermediate approach leg and a robust tailwind on the final approach course
, sending you on one heckuva left downwind for 23.