Approach

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approach

[ə′prōch]
(mechanical engineering)
The difference between the temperature of the water leaving a cooling tower and the wet-bulb temperature of the surrounding air.
(navigation)
In air operations, a maneuver executed by an aircraft in making its transit from high-altitude enroute flight to the point where it begins the landing approach; includes maneuvers (such as flying race-track pattern) required for traffic control.

Approach

 

in space navigation, a series of consecutive maneuvers by which one spacecraft is brought into close proximity to another. The aim of approach may be inspection, mooring, or assembly in orbit. Inspection, for example, entails the examination of a spacecraft at close range in order to determine the necessity of repairs. Mooring involves the temporary linking of two spacecraft with a flexible line.

Approach may be accomplished in two ways. In one technique only the final distance separating the two spacecraft is critical, and the closing speed at the moment of closest approach is not a factor. In the second technique the closing speed up to the moment of closest approach should be very low, ideally zero. This second technique requires larger expenditures of fuel than the first.

Approach requires that the two spacecraft be equipped with radio communications systems, computers, rocket engines, and navigation control systems. The active spacecraft carries out the search, maneuvering, and approach missions, while the second one is passive.

The first approach of two spacecraft with crew participation was carried out by the American spacecraft Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 in 1965. The first approach of three spacecraft with crew participation was carried out by the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 6, Soyuz 7, and Soyuz 8 in 1969.

approach

That part of an aircraft flight path from the end of the en route phase of the flight to touchdown.

Approach

A relational database that is part of Lotus SmartSuite. It provides the ability to graphically create Windows applications using industry standard database formats, such as dBASE and Paradox. It includes macros and the ability to attach programming statements to data, providing a way to automate many kinds of applications. See Lotus SmartSuite.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, because of the great increase in our understanding of HIV entry, I think we now have insights as to what approaches may bring success.
There are a number of approaches to storage virtualization, each with their own attributes.
The difference between the two IRB approaches is that the foundation approach would require the bank to determine only each loan's probability of default, and the supervisor would provide the other risk inputs; under the advanced approach, the bank would determine all the risk inputs, under procedures validated by the supervisor.
These are some examples of how mechanical and chemical approaches to making quality paper can work toward a common good or can oppose each other to the detriment of quality and runnability.
Income approach is the last of the three recognized approaches used in appraisal analysis.
"If we were faced with the problem today," he says, "this is one of maybe two approaches where we could say, `Well, we could do this.'"
Working closely with faculty, two differing approaches were developed for first- versus second-year students: hints targeted for first-year students emphasized locating more general information typically found in textbooks, while hints targeted for second-year students emphasized more specialized resources such as the journal literature.
* The predominant approaches utilized by new counselors are punishment, guilt, and the buddy method.
The periodic in-service and crisis-response approaches have been used to deal with behavior problems in reaction to an injury or poor survey results for behavioral indicators.
Hall's Approaches to Teaching Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass will provide even the most experienced teacher of Douglass's work with valuable ideas for approaching the Narrative and bringing it to life for students.
The following approaches are given in no particular order of efficiency.
Tax Executives Institute appreciates this opportunity to present our views on Notice 98-38 and the possible approaches to the replacement of the SRLY rules.