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The natural inclination or capacity for skillful performance of an as yet unlearned task.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a high level of development of a person’s capabilities, allowing him to achieve particular success in one or another pursuit.

A distinction is made between general and specific aptitudes, or between general and specific aspects of aptitude. Thus, with a general intellectual aptitude, all types of activity requiring intellectual qualities for their successful realization may be mastered. A specific aptitude is linked with the type of activity in whose pursuit it reveals itself most fully; examples are mathematical, technical, musical, artistic, and poetic aptitudes.

The chief indications of exceptional aptitude are early manifestation of abilities and rapid mastery of knowledge: the person possessing such qualities develops an interest in and an inclination for a certain activity, becomes skilled in it, and in its pursuit manifests originality and creativity.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fluctuations of the physiomotor aptitudes values with lower scores (arterial tension, cardiac frequency) are rather high at an early age, age when the selection in skating is being made.
Specifically, we compared "like" scales measuring cognitive/intellectual aptitude, creativity, and leadership on the Universal ACCESS and the GRS.
A bivariate Pearson's correlation was applied between the students' programming achievement and their creativity, problem solving ability, general aptitudes, computer attitude, and mathematics achievement.
Unionization and the introduction of collective bargaining can be expected to increase average pay for all teachers but reduce the difference between average pay and the pay received by those with both high and low aptitudes, thereby discouraging entry into teaching by women with higher aptitude while attracting those with lower aptitudes.
Scholastic aptitude tests are limited in that they do not measure a broad range of different skills.
A search of the ERIC, PschyInfo, and Mental Measurements Yearbook databases (searched on SilverPlatter) yielded no articles on the National Career Aptitude System.
Further aspects are the interactions of aptitude and instruction, which are assumed to be important for the clear identification of program effects (Callahan 1993; Heller 2000); while the achievements were not assessed, all other issues are addressed in the evaluation of the Plus-courses, and the results of these global assessments are reported in Patry et al.
Some tests can be biased toward certain cultures, particularly personality or aptitude tests that use culture-laden jargon.
Although many individuals would concede that these phenomena relate to general cognitive aptitude (c.f.
Unlike these relatively homogeneous situations, most classroom groups are heterogeneous with respect to relevant aptitudes. But the same principle of finding and capitalizing on individual student strengths to circumvent or remove impediments can still be applied to find useful teaching adaptations.
In general, this one screen imposes fewer constraints on the assignment process than do the screens for specific aptitudes in the multiple-job context.