arachidic acid


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arachidic acid

[‚a·rə′kid·ik ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
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Whereas the remaining SFAs were myristic acid (C14:0), arachidic acid (C20:0), behenic acid (C22:0) and lignoceric acid (C24:0) each fatty acid was present less than 1%.
Significant differences in the proportions of individual fatty acids in the serum phospholipids of the male and female subjects were not observed, except for ds-vaccenic acid (18:1n-7) and arachidic acid (20:1) (Table 3).
Double Common name #C Bonds Scientific name Palmitic Acid 16 0 hexadecanoic acid Palmitoleic Acid 16 1 9-hexadecenoic acid Stearic Acid 18 0 octadecanoic acid Oleic Acid 18 1 9-octadecenoic acid Vaccenic Acid 18 1 11-octadecenoic acid Linoleic Acid 18 2 9,12-octadecadienoic acid Alpha-Linolenic 18 3 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid Acid (ALA) Gamma-Linolenic 18 3 6,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid Acid (GLA) Arachidic Acid 20 0 eicosanoic acid Gadoleic Acid 20 1 9-eicosenoic acid Arachidonic Acid (AA) 20 4 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid EPA 20 5 5,8,11,14,17-eicosatetraenoic acid Behenic acid 22 0 docosanoic acid Erucic acid 22 1 13-docosenoic acid DHA 22 6 4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid Lignoceric acid 24 0 tetracosanoic acid Table II.
The main fatty acids detected in cowpea seeds were palmitic acid (16:0), palmitoleic acid (16:1), stearic acid (18:0), oleic acid (18:1), linoleic acid (18:2), linolenic acid (18:3), and arachidic acid (20:0).
The concentrations of 20 FFAs (lauric acid, myristic acid, pentadecanoic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, heptadecanoic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, octadecenoic acid, linoleic acid, [gamma]-linolenic acid, [alpha]-linoleic acid, arachidic acid, eicosadienoic acid, eicosatrienoic acid, arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosatetraenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, and docohexaenoic acid) were determined in uremic serum or plasma.
Besides that, it also contains lignoceric acid, arachidonic acid, arachidic acid, behenic acid, tearic acid, and other fatty acids (Venkatachalam and Kavipriya, 2012).
These 37 components are: methyl ester of hexanoic acid, caprylic acid, capric acid, undecanoic acid, lauric acid, tridecanoic acid, myristic acid, myristoleic acid, pentadecanoic acid, pentdecenoic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, margaric acid, heptadecenoic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, elaidic acid, octadecenoic acid, linoleic acid, octadecadienoic acid, g-linolenic acid, linolenic acid, arachidic acid, eicosenoic acid, eicosadienoic acid, 8,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid, heneicosanoic acid, arachidonic acid, eicosatrienoic acid, eicosap- entaenoic acid, behenic acid, eruccic acid, docosa- dienoic acid (C22:2), tricosanoic acid, tetracosanoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid and tetracosenoic acid.
Arachidic acid has been used in the production of detergents, photographic materials and lubricants [29] while lignoceric aid inhibits estradiol from binding to estrogens receptors a and b, thus stimulating estrogens inducible genes [30].