Araucaria


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araucaria

[‚ar‚ō′kä·rē·ə]
(botany)
A primitive conifer of the genus Araucaria with broad leathery leaves, large cones, and edible seeds that is indigenous to South America and Australia.

Araucaria

 

a genus of coniferous trees of the family Araucariaceae. Araucaria trees are tall (up to 50–60 and even 90 m) and have flat needles. The cones are of two types—that is, rounded (female) with a diameter of up to 20 cm and elongated (male), up to 15–20 cm long. There are about 18 species in Australia and on the islands of New Guinea, New Caledonia, and Norfolk and two species in America. The seeds are for the most part edible. The wood of the araucaria is used as building material and for various articles. Some species (A. brasiliana, A. araucana, and others) are grown for decoration on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and the Southern Crimean Shore and also are grown as houseplants and in greenhouses (A. excelsa, A. bidwilli, and others).

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Vysshie rasteniia, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
Relacionada a estagios iniciais de sucessao em florestas de Araucaria (FOM), esta especie se estabelece em ambientes com alta incidencia solar, o qual resulta na quebra de dormencia de suas sementes (BURKART, 1979; MOREIRA et al.
The Moist Forest was trapped in the summer (February) and during the autumn Araucaria seed fall (late March-early May) from 2004 until 2007, except in the summer of 2005 when circumstances prevented trapping (seven trapping sessions).
The material used in this study was collected from a plantation of Araucaria angustifolia, belonging to the National Forest (FLONA) of the city of Passo Fundo, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul.
Uma interessante contribuicao neste sentido foi o trabalho de Iriarte e Behling (2007) que indica o crescimento da mata com araucaria associada a expansao da tradicao Taquara/ Itarare.
Patterns of polyembryony and frequency of surviving multiple embryos of the Brazilian pine Araucaria angustifolia.
Araucaria araucana se encuentra solo en el extremo sur de Sudamerica, a ambos lados de la cordillera de los Andes.
His pseudonym Araucaria is Latin for monkey puzzle tree.
Esto trajo aparejado la radicacion de empresas que sustentaban su crecimiento en la reforestacion con especies coniferas de rapido crecimiento y buenas cualidades industriales, como Pinus taeda y Araucaria angustifolia (nativa), entre otras.
With patience and skill, Rocha gently places his hands on the strings of his latest instrument, a "cavaquinho" -- a small, four-stringed guitar -- freshly painted, and made of three native woods: imbuia, known as Brazilian walnut, jacaranda, a blue-flowering tree, and an evergreen tree known as araucaria.