2.Law (esp of a penalty or punishment) not laid down by statute; within the court's discretion
Varying. Inconsistent. For example, many technical concepts, programming language commands and programming calls (APIs) have arbitrary names that were chosen without being carefully thought out. See naming fiascos.
Alternative medicine is drawing upon the cultural uncertainty attending these cultural shifts to attempt the symbolic construction of novel cultural arbitraries and identities favourable to its colonization of the medical field.