arbitration and conciliation

arbitration and conciliation

(INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) one of the institutions of industrial relations which is designed to resolve stalemates in collective bargaining by means of third-party intervention (see also COLLECTIVE BARGAINING). At the request of one or more of the parties involved in an intractable dispute, independent, third-party intervention can offer:
  1. ‘conciliation’, the object of which is to help the parties to develop their own solutions by bringing them together and encouraging the use of agreed procedures;
  2. ‘mediation’, where recommendations are made by a mediator, but the parties do not commit themselves in advance to accept an arbitration award;
  3. ‘arbitration’, where, compulsorily or based on the consent of both parties, and within strict terms of reference, an award can be made.

The origins of conciliation and arbitration in the UK are to be found in the establishment and voluntary use of permanent boards of conciliation and arbitration in industries where employers and unions sought to avoid lockouts and strikes. The development of state provision has preserved the voluntary principle, though there have been periods when it has been eroded. Currently, the Advisory Conciliation and Arbitration Service, which comprises representatives of employers, trade unions and industrial relations specialists, seeks to provide these services independently of government influence. In some other societies mandatory third-party intervention precedes strikes or lockouts.

References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: New Delhi [India], Mar 07 (ANI): The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, which seeks to establish an independent body to make arbitration process user-friendly, cost-effective and ensure speedy disposal and neutrality of arbitrators.
ISLAMABAD -- Ministry of Law and Justice was working on a legislation to address the complications in arbitration and conciliation matters and to introduce government bill in the parliament about it.
The Committee considered The Arbitration and Conciliation Bill, 2015, (moved by Ms.
TAP) - Slim Chiboub's funds, frozen in Switzerland, were returned to Tunisia, under an arbitration and conciliation agreement, the Truth and Dignity Commission (French: IVD) said on Saturday.
Recently, major amendments to the Arbitration and Conciliation Act have been made, which has made the process hasslefree.
Accordingly, Working Group II ("WGII") - which is one of the six working groups established by UNCITRAL to perform the substantive preparatory work on topics within the commission's programme of work and which specifically relates to arbitration and conciliation - was requested to consider the Proposal, during its following meeting, and report back to UNCITRAL on the feasibility and possible form of work in that area.
The Appeal of Arbitration and Conciliation (and Progressive
Founded in 1985, IFCAI consists of 57 member organizations worldwide; it aims to establish and maintain permanent relations among the commercial arbitration institutions, foster a broad exchange of information on all aspects of arbitration and conciliation, encourage the responsible use of these dispute resolution techniques and facilitate the exchange of information on member organization services.
ARBITRATION and conciliation service Acas has announced a new chief conciliator who takes the lead on trying to resolve high-profile industrial disputes.
The conference will endeavor to spread the culture of arbitration and conciliation as a means to settle differences at national, regional and international levels," said Al-Khafer, adding arbitration is an important tool for settling commercial differences between individuals, companies and establishments.
Arbitration and conciliation are both forms of Alternative Dispute Resolutions through neutral and independent third party mediation.
ACAS, that is the Arbitration and Conciliation Service, is an independent government funded organisation which offers a mediation and conciliation service to employers and employees involved in disputes.