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a chief duke, esp (since 1453) a prince of the Austrian imperial dynasty



(Erzherzog), in Austria and later in Austria-Hungary, a title held by princes of the royal house of Hapsburg, officially conferred in 1453. It stems from a privilege extended to Austrian dukes in the 12th century, by which they were granted rights equal to those of electors, who were also called Erzkurfürsten.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although almost certainly composed in the Baroque period and by an English musician employed at the archducal court in Brussels, the majority of the 30 double-choir motets in Peter Philips's eight-part Cantiones sacrae (1613) are inspired works cast essentially in the late-Renaissance Italian mould.