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a chief duke, esp (since 1453) a prince of the Austrian imperial dynasty
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Erzherzog), in Austria and later in Austria-Hungary, a title held by princes of the royal house of Hapsburg, officially conferred in 1453. It stems from a privilege extended to Austrian dukes in the 12th century, by which they were granted rights equal to those of electors, who were also called Erzkurfürsten.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Archduke SEindor Von Habsburg also addressed audience, welcoming the participants who attended the ceremony that commemorates the 100th anniversary of the death of Emperor Franz Josef, Emperor of Austria, who passed away at SchE[micro]nbrunn Palace aged 86 after He held power for 68 years from 1848.
The car comes complete with a bullet hole on the right-hand side, near where the archduke was seated.
A defeated Princip was loitering outside the cafe when the car with the Archduke and Sophia stopped nearby after a mixup in directions soon after their morning escape, the driver stuck in an attempt to reverse.
Several earlier nationalist attempts to kill Archduke Ferdinand earlier that same day had already failed.
"Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, and the Princess of Hohenberg, his morganatic wife, were shot dead yesterday by a student in the main street of the Bosnian capital a short time after they had escaped death from a bomb hurled at the royal auto.
The 76.02-carat diamond, with perfect colour and internally flawless clarity, was named after Archduke Joseph August of Austria, the great grandson of both a Holy Roman emperor and a French king, the paper said.
When Catholic forces under Austrian Archduke Leopold Habsburg sacked the city in early 1611, local residents accused the friars of collaborating and brutally murdered them in the monastery.
She proceeds to make sweaters for everyone and everything in town, and when news spreads of the remarkable girl who never runs out of yarn, Annabelle draws the attention of a greedy archduke. When she refuses to sell her box to the archduke, he hires robbers to steal the box away from her.
The diamond, named the Archduke Joseph Diamond for one of its former owners, is the highlight of Christie's sale of precious gems in Geneva in November, the auction house said in a statement.
"The Archduke Joseph Diamond created a sensation when Christie's Geneva offered it for sale the first time in November 1993, where it realized 9.7 million Swiss francs ($6.5 million) - the equivalent of $10.5 million today," noted FranE*ois Curiel, international head of Christie's jewelry department.
We know how that ended." Yes, blame Russia because the German and Austrian leaderships decided to use the assassination of the Archduke as an excuse to dominate the Orthodox Christian Slavs and Greeks in the Balkans.
Archduke Otto von Habsburg was 98 when he died and his life had spanned most of the twentieth century.