archive

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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of maintaining the folder structure in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for distribution. Depending on the type of data, the compression algorithm may reduce the files a lot or a little; however, the size reduction is often not important. It is the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain in the same computer, the word "archive" implies data retention, and archived data is often stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Convergence is just one of the topics being discussed in today's archival forums, conferences, and journals across the world.
It also aimed to determine the concordance rate between archival tissue and pre-treatment biopsy FR?
(17) The mission, politics, and infrastructural limitations of institutions themselves give rise to the shape and meaning of the final archival fonds and to what becomes public knowledge.
In the future, Panasonic plans to increase the capacity of the Archival Disc to 500GB and eventually 1TB per disc, which will enable an even larger-scale freeze-ray system, including petabyte capacity increases.
(11) One of the most enriching trends in this scholarship has been the focus on the multitude of actors involved in archival practices.
In the following pages I will discuss archival appraisal as it applies to the evidence of making music.
Carlos Vazquez (Cleveland) 9,15; Eddie Archival (Bronx, N.Y.) d.
It is time to free archival research--and society itself--from these restrictions.
Councilor Archival said the death of his brother was confirmed by the victim's wife, Ellen.
Tech Archival further estimates that carbon black domestic sales volumes will experience a first rate growth by the end of 2018 which is expected to drive the market to reach total sales volume of more than 900 Thousand tons.
The LAC also has had to cut its acquisitions budget and the national Cultural Development Program, which has provided funding to Canadian archival organizations to increase their capacity to preserve archival materials and make them available to the public.
Waldo Gifford Leland and the origins of the American archival profession.