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archive

Computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

archive

(file format)
A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.

Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.

archive

(operating system)
To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.

archive

(networking)
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

archive

(1) (noun) A file that contains one or more compressed files. Most archive formats are also capable of storing folder structures in order to reconstruct the file/folder relationship when decompressed.

One File Is Easier to Distribute
More often than not, archives are used to combine several files into one for ease of distribution. Although the compression algorithm may reduce all the files by a substantial amount, the size reduction is often less important than the convenience of distributing one file and referencing only one file name rather than a group of files. See self-extracting archive and archive formats.

(2) (verb) To compress one or more files and folders into a single file for backup or transport. Although archived files may remain on the same computer, "archive" implies data retention, and archived data are typically stored in a secondary location for backup and historical purposes. See archive program, archive formats, backup software, active archiving and HSM.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Archived content can be searched over, retrieved and reviewed from the main admin console, which allows administrators to manage social media usage, IM and e-mail communication.
One of the many strengths of this volume is the inclusion of the perspectives of those who have been archived. Each section contains at least one article by a creative writer; Daphne Marlatt, Penn Kemp, Sally Clark and Susan McMaster each reflect on how their personal archives have accumulated and what it has felt like to have their archives collected.
The LC sends a notice telling site owners about our activity, and in some cases, the LC asks permission to archive or to provide access to allow researchers outside the buildings in Washington, D.C., to view archived content through the LC's website.
While the archived policies will exist as historical documents, they will no longer be used to actively guide APHA actions.
Subscribers can now conduct test crawls, which enable them to see the type of web material that would populate a specific collection before it is archived permanently.
In cases where delta files--or change files--are used as a means of transferring database changes across the network, archival processes will need to handle conflation of the delta files with the archived database and certify that no delta files have been missed.
Laboratory instruments, diagnostic devices, electronic data capture tools, electronic patient diaries, and electronic data transfers from external partners are all generating source data that need to be archived. Many companies, including those in the biotechnical areas, have implemented elaborate and costly electronic document management systems.
In addition to enhanced archived data access and processing performance, this new release delivers expanded support for EMC Centera Compliance Edition.
This new release enables companies to meet and exceed all audit, reporting, business and legislative compliance requirements for complex relational database content that is archived and managed by EMC Centera Compliance Edition content addressed storage (CAS), while providing safe and secure access to archived data.
When author and renowned flugelhorn soloist Richard Sudhalter set out in 2000 to write a book about jazz legend Hoagy Carmichael, he hit the Internet for archived recordings and came upon an unlikely source: Indiana University.
Free Paper Publisher and mediaINFO.com are archived through 1997.

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