archons

(redirected from archon)
Also found in: Dictionary, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

archons

(är`kŏnz, –kənz) [Gr.,=leaders], in ancient Athens and other Greek cities, officers of state. Originally in Athens there were three archons: the archon eponymos (so called because the year was named after him), who was the chief officer of the state; the archon basileus, who was primarily connected with sacred rites; and the archon polemarchos (the polemarch, or military commander), who—theoretically, at least—had military leadership. Six more archons, the thesmothetae (thesmothetes), were later added; they were junior officers, generally in charge of the courts. The archons were elected, and after they had served and their records had been approved, they entered the AreopagusAreopagus
[Gr.,=hill of Ares], rocky hill, 370 ft (113 m) high, NW of the Acropolis of Athens, famous as the sacred meeting place of the prime council of Athens. This council, also called the Areopagus, represented the ancient council of elders, which usually combined judicial
..... Click the link for more information.
. Solon, Hippias, and Themistocles were archons. After 487 B.C. the archons were chosen by lot; the office, which had previously been limited to the two upper classes, was opened to the third class. Thereafter the archontate declined greatly in importance. The lists of eponymous archons kept after the 7th cent. B.C. are a valuable source of history.
References in periodicals archive ?
Paysandisia archon (Burmeister, 1880) (Lepidoptera, Castniidae), nuevas localizaciones en la Peninsula Iberica y su gestion.
Desde ya, considero que el propio Origenes refuta un llano paralelismo con Alcinoo en Peri archon.
Subsequently, Archon 2000 has filed for voluntary liquidation.
Archon Ventures secured the lucrative contract despite being a relatively new company with a high-risk credit rating.
Minton, who was the first grand sire archon, helped organize the second boule (chapter), Beta Boule, in Chicago in 1907.
Archon washdown stations provide steam-heated hot water cheaply and efficiently and have safety features allowing them to be used with minimal maintenance, even in hard water areas.
Lend Lease Real Estate Investments, and Archon Management Services.
Keeping one desperate step ahead of satiation" can have had no relevance for the Suburan innkeeper, the Puteolan banker, the Athenian archon seated in the front row of the Theatre of Dionysus, the soldier stationed at Carnuntum, and for most other fans of gladiatorial games.
probably served as archon (524-523); was sent by the Athenian tyrant Hippias to the Thracian Chersonese (modern Gelibolu peninsula) to support Hippias' half-brother Hegesistratus (c.
Tied to the four-torch, mechanized welding system is a quartet of arc-welding computers supplied by National-Standard's Archon Group, South Bend, IN.
NEW YORK -- Fitch Ratings withdraws Archon Group, LP's (Archon) commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) primary and special servicer rating of 'CPS2-' and 'CSS2+'.
December 30 at 9 am on the territory of the Trade Rows on the Archon Highway the New Year Agricultural Fair will open with the participation of republican agricultural producers organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania.