Argali

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Argali

 

(Ovis ammon), a wild ram found in Middle and Central Asia; in the USSR, it is found in the mountains of Middle Asia and Kazakhstan and in some parts of southern Siberia and Transbaikalia. The Argali forms a number of geographical races differing chiefly by the size and shape of the horns and the color of the wool. The large argali in Pamir and the Altai reach a weight of 200 kg. They live in herds containing as many as 200 to 300 head, and the size and composition of the herds change in accordance with overall population and the season. In many places the number of argali is declining sharply. Only in Pamir are they relatively numerous. They prefer the open spaces of mountain plateaus and gentle slopes. Grasses are their chief food. The lambs are born in spring, with one or two in a litter.

The argali is a valuable commercial and game animal that is sought for its meat and skin. The Kazakh arkhomerinos breed has been developed by crossing the argali with the merino.

REFERENCES

Meklenburtsev, R. N. “Pamirskii arkhar (Ovis ammon polii-Blyth).” Biul. Moskovskogo Obshchestva ispytatelei prirody. Otdel biologicheskii, 1948, vol. 53, issue 5.
Tsalkin, V. I. Gornye barany Evropy i Azii. Moscow, 1951.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961. Pages 607–55.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is important because singletons are very commonly observed in argali and omitting those individuals would considerably bias the segregation index (Bowyer 2004).
During our observations, we identified 685 argali individuals from 205 groups.
Female and male argali had different behavioural patterns in mixed groups during the rutting season.
Moreover, our argali were highly sexually segregated in the non-rutting season, while the level of segregation dropped considerably during the rutting period, which is consistent with that observed in other wild sheep species [Rocky mountain bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis canadensis): Ruckstuhl 1998; desert bighorn sheep: Mooring et al.
So we tested the activity of Argali recombinant SPLUNC1 protein by using real-time PCR in this research, found that Argali recombinant SPLUNC1 protein could remarkably inhibit the growth of MO, have biological activity, and lay the foundation of subsequent function study for this gene.
However, Argali recombinant SPLUNC1 protein could remarkably inhibit the growth of MO (data not shown), so there are good application prospects for development and utilization of Argali SPLUNC1 gene and treatment of infectious diseases of lungs in sheep.
Cloning and sequence analysis of wild argali ISG15 cDNA.
Beginning in 2000, we captured argali and fitted them with radio-collars either during spring (lambs) or fall (lambs, yearlings and adults).
2003, 2005, 2009), allowing a priori delineation and digital mapping of the area habitually used by argali (~ 330 [km.
We placed 12 ca 10-km long transects systematically within our study area at approximately 2-km intervals (beginning at an arbitrarily located starting point within the known argali distribution), such that no location within the target area was > 3 km from a transect line (see Fig.
Shots at Marco Polo argali, which are bigger and tougher than our sheep, can be long and accuracy is critical.
The Marco Polo argali is a particularly beautiful sheep with horns that flare outward to absurd length.