Argali

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Argali

 

(Ovis ammon), a wild ram found in Middle and Central Asia; in the USSR, it is found in the mountains of Middle Asia and Kazakhstan and in some parts of southern Siberia and Transbaikalia. The Argali forms a number of geographical races differing chiefly by the size and shape of the horns and the color of the wool. The large argali in Pamir and the Altai reach a weight of 200 kg. They live in herds containing as many as 200 to 300 head, and the size and composition of the herds change in accordance with overall population and the season. In many places the number of argali is declining sharply. Only in Pamir are they relatively numerous. They prefer the open spaces of mountain plateaus and gentle slopes. Grasses are their chief food. The lambs are born in spring, with one or two in a litter.

The argali is a valuable commercial and game animal that is sought for its meat and skin. The Kazakh arkhomerinos breed has been developed by crossing the argali with the merino.

REFERENCES

Meklenburtsev, R. N. “Pamirskii arkhar (Ovis ammon polii-Blyth).” Biul. Moskovskogo Obshchestva ispytatelei prirody. Otdel biologicheskii, 1948, vol. 53, issue 5.
Tsalkin, V. I. Gornye barany Evropy i Azii. Moscow, 1951.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961. Pages 607–55.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A common reference suggests that the Marco Polo is the largest argali, with possible body weight exceeding 700 pounds.
No sheep can match its potential horn length, but there are races of argali that are bigger in the body and a couple that are significantly larger in overall horn mass.
We conducted surveys in the Ikh Nart Nature Reserve in east-central Mongolia that allowed us to estimate the number of argali present in late summer/early autumn 2009 using two independent methods.
Unlike most areas inhabited by argali elsewhere in central Asia, the topography in Ikh Nart is gentle enough to allow ground-based observers to follow systematically-placed transects without major deviations from a straight line.
The third and best reason is that bunting Marco Polo argali in Tajikistan is one of the world's greatest hunts.
I have seen 500 Marco Polo argali in one day, and rarely have I seen less than 50.
My Marco Polo argali is a wonderful specimen, an old ram with tremendous mass and a beautiful shape.
The Marco Polo argali is a particularly beautiful sheep with horns that flare outward to absurd length.
Key words: activity budget hypothesis, activity synchronization, argali, Conradt's segregation coefficient, sexual dimorphism
The Darwin's wild sheep or Gobi argali is classified as a Category II Protected Wild Animal Species under the Wild Animal Protection Law in China (Wang 1998).
However, there is no report about the SPLUNC1 sequence of Xinjiang Wild Argali. To study the difference in nucleotide sequences and amino acid sequences of SPLUNC1 gene between wild and domestic animals, the present study used the sequences from cattle and sheep as the references to clone and analyze the cDNA sequence by RACE technique and in vitro expression in eukaryotic cells, which provides a basis for further studies on the differences in gene functions and disease resistance.
Oral palate mucosa materials were collected by scrapping oral palate from four healthy wild Argali and stored in Trizol (Invitrogen, Beijing, China).