arginine


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Related to arginine: lysine

arginine

(är`jənĭn), organic compound, one of the 20 amino acidsamino acid
, any one of a class of simple organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and in certain cases sulfur. These compounds are the building blocks of proteins.
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 commonly found in animal proteins. Only the l-stereoisomer participates in the biosynthesis of proteins. Its basic side chain adds a positive charge and hence a greater degree of water-solubility to proteins in neutral solution. Although arginine can be synthesized from cellular metabolites, it is usually considered essential to the diet of children for the maintenance of normal rates of growth. Arginine is the direct metabolic precursor of ureaurea
, organic compound that is the principal end product of nitrogen metabolism in most mammals. Urea was the first animal metabolite to be isolated in crystalline form; its crystallization was described in the early 18th cent.
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, the dominant nitrogenous waste product of most mammals. It was discovered in protein in 1895.

arginine

[′ar·jə‚nēn]
(biochemistry)
C6H14N4O2 A colorless, crystalline, water-soluble, essential amino acid of the α-ketoglutaric acid family.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cummins et al also used Arginine CaCo3 compound in their study for an instant relief in dentinal hypersensitivity.
As sows did not present any clinical signs suggestive of disease, one can speculate that the control diet as well as the arginine diet did not promote enough milk production to maximize piglet weight gain in the second half of lactation, when the peak of milk production occurs.
In recent years, arginine has attracted wide attention due to its beneficial effects on clinical nutrition therapy.
Short polymers of arginine rapidly translocate into vascular cells: effects on nitric oxide synthesis.
Measurement of arginine, ADMA and SDMA levels were performed using a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system.
Baumrucker, Arginine Supplementation Increases Weight Gain, Depresses Antibody Production and Growth Hormone Concentrations and Alters Circulating Leukocyte Profiles in Preruminant Calves without Affecting Plasma Growth Hormone Concentrations, J.
Arginine is decomposed into ornithine and urea by arginase; Arginine and molecular oxygen generate citrulline and NO by nitric oxide synthase (NOS).
To evaluate the immediate therapeutic effect of 8% arginine and calcium carbonate paste in treatment of dentine hypersensitivity over 8 weeks.
In the seventh experiment, the reaction between Arginine and Zn nitrate was investigated.
Szlosarek explained that there are a large number of cancers relying on a naturally-occurring protein called arginine that could be starved.
The amino acids lysine and arginine have been shown to respectively inhibit and stimulate herpes simplex virus (HSV) replication.