# argument

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## argument

1. Logic
a. a process of deductive or inductive reasoning that purports to show its conclusion to be true
b. formally, a sequence of statements one of which is the conclusion and the remainder the premises
2. Logic an obsolete name for the middle term of a syllogism
3. Maths
a. an element to which an operation, function, predicate, etc., applies, esp the independent variable of a function
b. another name for amplitude (sense 5) of a complex number
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

## argument

[′är·gyə·mənt]
(astronomy)
An angle or arc, as in argument of perigee.
(computer science)
A value applied to a procedure, subroutine, or macroinstruction which is required in order to evaluate any of these.
(mathematics)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## argument

(programming)
(Or "arg") A value or reference passed to a function, procedure, subroutine, command or program, by the caller. For example, in the function definition

square(x) = x * x

x is the formal argument or "parameter", and in the call

y = square(3+4)

3+4 is the actual argument. This will execute the function square with x having the value 7 and return the result 49.

There are many different conventions for passing arguments to functions and procedures including call-by-value, call-by-name, call-by-reference, call-by-need. These affect whether the value of the argument is computed by the caller or the callee (the function) and whether the callee can modify the value of the argument as seen by the caller (if it is a variable).

Arguments to functions are usually, following mathematical notation, written in parentheses after the function name, separated by commas (but see curried function). Arguments to a program are usually given after the command name, separated by spaces, e.g.:

cat myfile yourfile hisfile

Here "cat" is the command and "myfile", "yourfile", and "hisfile" are the arguments.

## argument

In programming, a value that is passed between programs, subroutines or functions. Arguments are independent items, or variables, that contain data or codes. When an argument is used to customize a program for a user, it is typically called a "parameter." See argc.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reymond, chapter two argues for the presbytery-led church.
The DOD argues that even the threat of interference by hazardous waste litigation justifies its aims.
Nor is the science of whale management up to snuff, they argue. This summer the journal Science published a Stanford study that suggested the pre-whaling populations of North Atlantic humpback, fin and minke whales were far larger than previously thought.
He argues that the district violated his daughter's religious freedom by forcing her to hear the phrase "under God" during the Pledge of Allegiance.
Former North Carolina governor Jim Hunt, a prime mover behind the idea of board certification, argues, "More than any other single person, Al Shanker was the founder of the [group]."
Such studies tend to focus on how Wright addresses the second of the two groups that he discusses, how he makes Communism a palatable and viable strategy of resistance to the "common people." (5) However, I would argue that a fuller consideration of the first part of Wright's plan--to "tell Communists how common people felt" -- is appropriate to help us better understand Lawd Today!
Many proponents of transracial adoption argue that there are not enough families of color who wish to adopt.
On a more concrete level, I argue that ideological production is a discontinuous process that proceeds in an episodic fashion.
Each side may argue using the same case law -- why it is or is not applicable to the present case or how it should be interpreted -- or each side may cite different cases and argue why their cases, and not their opponent's, should control the present case's outcome.
But this gave our opponents cover to continue to argue that we wanted special rights: Why else, they asked, did we seek coverage under the very law establishing affirmative action?
So seriously do they regard the consequences of this phenomenon that they argue the last, best hope for repairing and revitalizing damaged cultures lies with managers, supervisors and team leaders with the people skills to restore lost trust - if only in their own small enclaves.

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