Araceae

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Araceae

[ə′rās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of herbaceous flowering plants in the order Arales; plants have stems, roots, and leaves, the inflorescence is a spadix, and the growth habit is terrestrial or sometimes more or less aquatic; well-known members include dumb cane (Dieffenbachia), jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema), and Philodendron.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Araceae

 

a family of monocotyledonous plants. They are grassy perennials, often with thickened rhizomes or tubers; also climbing shrubs or semishrubs; and occasionally dendroid forms or epiphytes. The flowers are bisexual or unisexual in the spadices, with a bright covering. There are about 110 genera and 2,000 species, mainly in tropical regions. There are seven genera and 14 species in the USSR. Many Araceae contain a milky sap that is often poisonous. Among the Araceae are the taro, alocasias, and the yautia (Xanthosoma), which are important food crops; and also the anthuriums, monsteras, philodendrons, Indian kale, and others, which are widespread hothouse and house plants. In the USSR the bog arum grows in swampy areas, and the cuckoo pint is found in shady forests. Some species of Araceae (for example, plants of the genus Acora) are used in medicine and in the manufacture of perfume.

REFERENCE

Kuzeneva, O. I. “Aroidnye.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 3. Leningrad, 1935.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The spadices of Jack-in-the-pulpits do not generate heat during flowering, unlike aroid species with a brief anthesis (5).
The Ylang Ylang, from which the perfume Chanel No5 is made, will grow next to the Tropical Aroids, relatives of the skunk cabbage, which give off a smell of rotting flesh to attract flies.
Previous reports have identified euglossines bees as common visitors of members of this aroid clade (Williams and Dressler 1976).
Aroids are plants that have flowers wrapped around a central club-like spadix rather like a Mexican tortilla wrap.
IF I said I had a series of aroids, I would probably attract sympathetic glances from people who feared for my health.
NOT everyone shares my liking for members of the aroid family, with their spathe-shaped flowers.
Taro, Colocasia esculenta, is a member of the Aroid family, known to Angkaiyakmin as iman.
1) are found among phyllodineous Acacia species (Kaplan, 1980), European ivy (Hedera helix, Goebel, 1913), aroid vines (Lee & Richards, 1991), Ulex europaeus (a leafless shrub with a leaf-beating "juvenile" stage), or tree species with a "divaricate" initial stage, i.e.
Starch granules and raphides identified as possibly from the aroid Colocasia esculenta (taro) have been found on the surfaces of undecorated Lapita potsherds from Anir, New Ireland (Crowther 2005).
This aroid also thrives in waterlogged locations which are of restricted occurrence.
gomboczianus tuber (aroid), which is known for its burning and irritating sensations, were used as internal quality control of the retention time and area of the peaks for total oxalate.
Preliminary identification of the residues based on their morphology suggests they are from the aroid, Colocasia esculenta (taro), but further analysis is required to confirm this identification.