arrowroot

(redirected from arrowroots)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to arrowroots: Maranta arundinacea

arrowroot,

any plant of the genus Maranta, usually large perennial herbs, of the family Marantaceae, found chiefly in warm, swampy forest habitats of the Americas and sometimes cultivated for their ornamental leaves. The term arrowroot is also used for the easily digestible starch obtained from the rhizomes of M. arundinacea, the true, or West Indian, arrowroot, which is naturalized in Florida. Other plants produce similar starches, e.g., East Indian arrowroot (from Curcuma angustifolia of the Zingiberaceae, or gingerginger,
common name for members of the Zingiberaceae, a family of tropical and subtropical perennial herbs, chiefly of Indomalaysia. The aromatic oils of many are used in making condiments, perfumes, and medicines, especially stimulants and preparations to ease stomach distress.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), Queensland arrowroot (from a cannacanna
[Lat.,=cane], any plant of the genus Canna, tropical and subtropical perennials, grown in temperate regions in parks and gardens for the large foliage and spikelike, usually red or yellow blossoms.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of the family Cannaceae), Brazilian arrowroot, or tapiocatapioca
, widely used starchy food, obtained from the fleshy root of the bitter cassava. Tapioca is sold in flake or flour form and as the pellet pearl tapioca. Tapioca flour is widely used in place of wheat flour in regions where it is grown, e.g.
..... Click the link for more information.
, of the Euphorbiaceae (spurgespurge
, common name for members of the Euphorbiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of greatly varied structure and almost cosmopolitan distribution, although most species are tropical. In the United States the family is most common in the Southeast.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), and Florida arrowroot, or sagosago
[Malay], edible starch extracted from the pithlike center of several E Asian palms (chiefly Metroxylon sagu) or sometimes of cycads. The starch is an important item in the diet in some parts of E Asia and is exported for use in foods (e.g.
..... Click the link for more information.
. True arrowroot is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Zingiberales, family Marantaceae.

arrowroot

[′ar·ō‚rüt]
(botany)
Any of the tropical American plants belonging to the genus Maranta in the family Marantaceae.

arrowroot

1. a white-flowered West Indian plant, Maranta arundinacea, whose rhizomes yield an easily digestible starch: family Marantaceae
2. any of several other plants whose rhizomes or roots yield starch
References in periodicals archive ?
"Arrowroots require moist soils to grow and this region receives adequate rainfall, making it ideal for the crop.
"Besides being eaten raw, arrowroots can also be value-added to make various products."Apart from being boiled and eaten mostly for breakfast, arrowroots are also used to manufacture biscuits and crisps and to thicken sauces.
figure By VIVERE NANDIEMO Peter Mwita uproots weeds on his four-acre arrowroot farm in Maeta, Kuria East, as he takes no chances to ensure everything goes right.
"I also pack the produce in sacks and send them to specific traders at Wakulima market in Nairobi where the crop fetches better prices."Unlike other ventures, the farmer says, the good thing about arrowroot farming is that returns are high.
At the time of harvesting, a farmer should ensure that the soil is moist to prevent breakage of the roots tuber while uprooting.With good management of the arrowroots, one can harvest a tuber with a weight of 3.
Arrowroots are prone to diseases such as leaf spot," says Musyoki.He adds that farmers should use sterilised tools used when handling arrowroot seedling for multiplication.
Arrowroots are a good source of Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, niacin, potassium, copper and manganese.
Arrowroots, according to her, fetch better prices than coffee.