In 2000, while surveying land east of I-5 for an endangered fish - the unarmored threespined stickleback - for the Fish & Wildlife Service, Courtois identified six arroyo toads, but didn't report the finding until March 23 - after the critical habitat was identified for protection.
Nancy Sandburg, a biologist hired by the Center for Biological Diversity and Friends of the Santa Clara River, has since January discovered more than 10 arroyo toads along the Santa Clara River and San Francisquito Creek.
That plan didn't address the arroyo toad because surveyors didn't find evidence of the species, said Marlee Lauffer, Newhall Land spokeswoman.
Dan Holland, an ecologist/herpetologist who studied the toads for five years at Camp Pendelton in northern San Diego County, discovered that arroyo toads can be present in a habitat without being seen.
If you only go out and stand on the bridge and listen for the arroyo toad, that's not how to search for them,'' Holland said.
We know what he's going through,'' Ed Arroyo said of Shiffman.
When Arroyo came to the plate in the eighth during the Milligan game, Shiffman yelled, ``Hit it to Woodley.
Shiffman watched Arroyo hit what is believed to be the longest homer in Kennedy history on April 17.
He gets up in the morning every day and reads the paper, looking for information on Tim,'' Ed Arroyo said.
After the Milligan game, Arroyo gave Shiffman the home run ball.