The US Preventive Services Task Force's current clinical practice guidelines recommend mammography for all women above the ages of 40 as a screening test for the early diagnosis of BC.2 Breast arterial calcification
is a benign finding typically seen on mammography and is identified as medial calcific sclerosis of small-to medium-sized muscular arteries of the breast.11 In our study, prevalence of BAC detected by mammography was 13.6 % among 2.780 women, similar to what has been reported in previously published studies, which varies from 1% to 49%.4 A relationship between BAC and reproductive factors such as duration of breast feeding, number of infant deliveries, age of menopause, and duration of menopause has been investigated in several studies.11-13
* The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Arterial Calcification
It was found to decrease arterial calcification
on cultured bovine aortic smooth muscle cells treated with inorganic phosphate.
Recent studies suggest that elastin fragmentation may enhance arterial calcification
in end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
de Vernejoul, "Arterial calcifications
and bone histomorphometry in end-stage renal disease," Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol.
In the present study, we have addressed the question whether treatment of osteoporosis benefits arterial calcification
or vice versa, because both adipocyte and osteoblast originate from the same mesenchymal cell of the bone marrow cell (BMC) population.
Fetuin-A is a hepatic secretory protein that inhibits arterial calcification
in vitro (1).
5 April 2011 - Norwegian biopharma company NattoPharma ASA (OSL: NATTO) said today it will carry out along with the Dutch Heart Foundation a clinical trial of its MenaQ7 product on patients with coronary arterial calcification
The adult-onset condition is associated with progressive and painful arterial calcification
affecting the lower extremities, yet spares patients' coronary arteries.
1), particularly with regard to the possibility of increased arterial calcification
. Although one study was cited as linking higher vitamin D levels in African Americans to increased calcification in the carotids and aorta, most of the article referred to a study looking at the effects of calcium supplementation, not vitamin D, on cardiovascular events.
In the presence of arterial calcification
tourniquets may not be able to completely occlude the arterial supply of the limb.
Calcium-based phosphate binders and/or vitamin D analogues should be limited if patients experience hypercalcemia, arterial calcification
, adynamic bone disease and/or if the serum PTH levels become persistently low (KDIGO, 2009; National Kidney Foundation, 2003).