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Permanent fixation of a joint in a flexed position.



a congenital disease manifested in flexure (contracture) of the joints of the extremities as a result of atrophy of the muscles and replacement of muscle fibers by fatty tissue. In arthrogryposis the upper extremities are pressed to the torso and the elbow joints are unbent; the wrists and fingers are bent and adducted, resembling the talons of a predatory bird. The lower extremities are bent and abducted at the hip joints and unbent at the knees. The feet are deformed (clubfoot). The treatment is orthopedic—corrective splints, operations, and exercises. The earlier the treatment, the better the results.


Fridland, M. O. Ortopediia, 5th ed. Moscow, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
The occurrence of pulmonary hypoplasia and arthrogryposis was most likely a part of fetal akinesia deformation sequence, resulting primarily from central nervous system damage (14).
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Distal arthrogryposis type 1: clinical analysis of a large kindred.
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Bayley was born with arthrogryposis, a rare disorder that affected all four of his limbs.
The second case was a pediatric patient diagnosed with congenital arthrogryposis multiplex.
Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) is an uncommon, but easily recognizable syndrome of musculoskeletal system.
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Arthrogryposis, meaning joint contractures or short muscle tissues, and claw hands, are both wrong diagnoses of Muntaha's condition.

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