Arthrogryposis


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arthrogryposis

[‚är·thrō‚grī′pō·səs]
(medicine)
Permanent fixation of a joint in a flexed position.

Arthrogryposis

 

a congenital disease manifested in flexure (contracture) of the joints of the extremities as a result of atrophy of the muscles and replacement of muscle fibers by fatty tissue. In arthrogryposis the upper extremities are pressed to the torso and the elbow joints are unbent; the wrists and fingers are bent and adducted, resembling the talons of a predatory bird. The lower extremities are bent and abducted at the hip joints and unbent at the knees. The feet are deformed (clubfoot). The treatment is orthopedic—corrective splints, operations, and exercises. The earlier the treatment, the better the results.

REFERENCE

Fridland, M. O. Ortopediia, 5th ed. Moscow, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
Six of these neonates had arthrogryposis. One neonate did not have microcephaly but did have significant intracranial pathology, similar that of to our patient (6).
We defined arthrogryposis as[greater than or equal to]2 joint contractures involving the upper and/or lower limbs.
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She has used a wheelchair since the age of seven due to a rare condition called arthrogryposis multiplex congenita.
The teen suffered from arthrogryposis multiplex congenital - curving of the joints - as a result of which she was small in stature.
Children having clubfoot due to neuromuscular disease, arthrogryposis, mielodysplasia and postural clubfoot were excluded.
Arthrogryposis, a congenital condition that contracts joints and weakens muscles, makes it hard to make a pencil dance across paper.
By: Egypt Today staff CAIRO - 29 June 2017: Like most people, you probably do not know what Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) is.
He was born with arthrogryposis, which made his hands and feet clubbed.
(Etiological classification of arthrogryposis syndrome).
Kovaleski, who has arthrogryposis, or brittle joints, at a campaign rally last year.

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