Arthrogryposis

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arthrogryposis

[‚är·thrō‚grī′pō·səs]
(medicine)
Permanent fixation of a joint in a flexed position.

Arthrogryposis

 

a congenital disease manifested in flexure (contracture) of the joints of the extremities as a result of atrophy of the muscles and replacement of muscle fibers by fatty tissue. In arthrogryposis the upper extremities are pressed to the torso and the elbow joints are unbent; the wrists and fingers are bent and adducted, resembling the talons of a predatory bird. The lower extremities are bent and abducted at the hip joints and unbent at the knees. The feet are deformed (clubfoot). The treatment is orthopedic—corrective splints, operations, and exercises. The earlier the treatment, the better the results.

REFERENCE

Fridland, M. O. Ortopediia, 5th ed. Moscow, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 1959;52(12):1101-5.
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita in a monozygotic twin an intrauterine lesion?
Garramone, an 8-year-old girl from Kingfisher, was born with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, causing her to endure multiple congenital malformations in her arms, hands and legs.
It's a string of achievements made even more remarkable given the fact that Kev lives with Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) - a term used to describe more than 300 conditions that cause multiple curved joints in areas of the body at birth.
Amir is the only person in Nepal known to suffer from arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. He now studies at the Serc school for special needs children in Kathmandu, and lives in a hostel a 15-minute bus ride away.
(13) Two cases of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita was reported with mild ptosis in the left eye.
Elizabeth has Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC), a rare congenital disorder that affects the joints and severely restricts her range of motion.
Deborah who is 20 and has arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC).
INTRODUCTION: Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, is a congenital anomaly in the newborn involving multiple curved joints.
Born with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, Lee has reduced joint mobility and despite 15 operations he still cannot move his ankles or knees, forcing him to control his horse from his hips.

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