Arthroplasty


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arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the company, the Catalyst CSR is a single-tray total shoulder arthroplasty system containing a non-spherical humeral implant for consistent anatomic joint line restoration and specialised glenoid instrumentation for a less invasive approach that preserves the natural anatomy and removes less of the patient's bone.
A major criticism of same day arthroplasty is the safety of discharging patients less than 24 hours after TJA.
Forty-three percent of the shoulder arthroplasty patients were obese (defined as a BMI of 30 or higher).
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has revolutionized the care of patients with end-stage joint disease, leading to pain relief, functional recovery, and substantial improvement in the quality of life (2).
Effects of body mass index on postoperative outcome in patients with osteoarthritis after total knee arthroplasty.
Indications for arthroplasty of the knee include over a hundred different conditions which disrupt the normal function of a joint, because of pain, movement limitation or contractures, when all conservative methods are exhausted.
Totally, 54 uncemented hip arthroplasty were done during the period 2008 to 2012 at Osmania General Hospital/Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad.
Osteoarthritis, wound healing problems, hypertrophic arthritis, notching [17], elevated BMI, male gender [18], preoperative grade of osteophyte formation [19], limited postoperative knee flexion, excessive periosteal trauma, postoperative forced manipulation [20], postoperative effusion [21], and increased lumbar bone mineral density [5] have been found to be risk factors in total knee arthroplasty.
5) The JSES authors noted, for example, that fast growth in the number of revisions for upper extremities as seen in Chart (1) is troubling because revision surgery is more complex than primary arthroplasty.
Gap arthroplasty, interpositional arthroplasty, and total joint reconstruction are options depending on the severity of joint ankylosis and the meniscus deformity.