articular cartilage


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Related to articular cartilage: hyaline cartilage

articular cartilage

[är′tik·yə·lər ′kärt·lij]
(anatomy)
Cartilage that covers the articular surfaces of bones.
References in periodicals archive ?
It allows complete visualization of the articular cartilage surface and of the subchondral bone.
The purposes of this study were to characterize the effect of decellularization on the biochemistry of porcine articular cartilage, determine the effect of genipin concentration on the degree of crosslinking, quantify the effect of genipin crosslinking on the stiffness of the cartilage-bone interface, and evaluate the effect of genipin-fixed cartilage on the viability of primary autologous chondrocytes.
Reversibility of immobilization-induced articular cartilage degeneration after remobilization in rat knee joints.
Articular cartilage has limited repair capacity, and marrow-stimulation procedures such as microfracture, osteochondral grafts, and autologous cartilage implantations have had limited success in articular cartilage defects.
Industry data indicate that successful articular cartilage repair is dependent upon restricting cartilage load and encouraging gradual increases in activity, but patients often struggle when complying with weight-bearing instructions.
In 2007 Farshid Guilak, a professor of orthopaedic surgery and biomedical engineering and his team developed a three-dimensional fabric "scaffold" into which stem cells could be injected and successfully "grown" into articular cartilage tissue.
Articular cartilage is a highly specialized tissue formed from cells called chondrocytes that protect the bones of joints from forces associated with load bearing and impact, and allows nearly frictionless motion between articular surfaces.
Articular cartilage is a thin layer of soft connective tissue that provides cushioning between the bone-to-bone interfaces in a joint.
The acute inflammatory cell infiltration and increased expression of COX-2 and iNOS in synovial tissue and articular cartilage following intra-articular injection of MSU crystals in a rat model was inhibited by coadministration of PYC.
OA is also termed a 'wear and tear' disease of the articular cartilage of the synovial joint; the most common and active joint in the human body.
Osteoarthritis is a highly prevalent disease in the United States population, with approximately 75% of persons over age 65 having radiographic evidence of degenerative changes, and nearly two-thirds of routine knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrating articular cartilage damage.
The knee joint was incised, and the color and luster of articular cartilage, the shape of the femur, tibia, the state of the synovial membrane, soft tissue, and the degree of injury in the artificial meniscus (PVA-H) were observed.