artificial insemination


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artificial insemination,

technique involving the artificial injection of sperm-containing semen from a male into a female to cause pregnancy. Artificial insemination is often used in animals to multiply the possible offspring of a prized animal and for the breeding of endangered species. Prepared semen can be preserved for long periods by refrigeration, and it is frequently shipped over great distances.

The method has also been used in humans, when traditional fertilization cannot be achieved (see infertilityinfertility,
inability to conceive or carry a child to delivery. The term is usually limited to situations where the couple has had intercourse regularly for one year without using birth control.
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). It has become a significant issue in recent years, particularly in debates revolving around surrogate motherhood, in which a woman agrees to bear a child for another couple through the use of artificially inseminated sperm from the husband (see surrogate mothersurrogate mother,
a woman who agrees, usually by contract and for a fee, to bear a child for a couple who are childless because the wife is infertile or physically incapable of carrying a developing fetus.
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). Legal issues have arisen in cases where the surrogate mother decides, upon the birth of the baby, that she wants to keep the child for herself. Likewise, there have been debates over the rights of sperm donors. Other debates on the subject have centered around the ethics of artificial insemination among humans, with critics decrying the practice as a perversion of science or pointing to the possible abuse of the process for purposes of eugenicseugenics
, study of human genetics and of methods to improve the inherited characteristics, physical and mental, of the human race. Efforts to improve the human race through bettering housing facilities and other environmental conditions are known as euthenics.
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. See also parent and childparent and child,
legal relationship, created by biological (birth) relationship or by adoption, that confers certain rights and duties on parent and child; in some states the courts have given the nonbiological, nonadoptive partner of a parent standing as a parent in a legal
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.

artificial insemination

[¦ärd·ə¦fish·əl in‚sem·ə′nā·shən]
(medicine)
A process by which spermatozoa are collected from males and deposited in female genitalia by instruments rather than by natural service.

artificial insemination

introduction of spermatozoa into the vagina or uterus by means other than sexual union
References in periodicals archive ?
Low-dose artificial insemination (AI) has been successfully used in heifers (Kurykin et al.
Dr Abdulnabi said it would also reduce the risk of disease, since sperm used in artificial insemination is collected only from the best and healthiest male stock.
Syed Bashir Ahmad Shah and Field Assistant from GDP Jamal Abdul Nasir, also spoke on the occasion, and stressed upon the participants to fully concentrate on the training and should apply treatment methodology regarding artificial insemination of animals, to prevent the growing infertility ratio in D.I.Khan.
The address also reads: "Those children born through artificial insemination will be problematic too."
"Since the artificial insemination, which took place in April, we've been monitoring hormones and we've also been monitoring an acute protein in her urine.
His remaining golden eagle is currently being hand-reared in preparation for it to be sent to another breeder where it will begin artificial insemination.
M2 EQUITYBITES-November 11, 2011--Vitrolife, ParentPlus to collaborate on artificial insemination products(C)2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.m2.com
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-November 11, 2011--Vitrolife, ParentPlus to collaborate on artificial insemination products(C)2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.m2.com
The unnamed inmate has been given permission by the Justice Secretary Kenneth Clarke to have a child by artificial insemination, according to the Daily Mail.
Mr Clarke insisted he had not personally seen or authorised the artificial insemination request amid criticism from 10 Downing Street of the way it had been handled.

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