artificial intelligence and artificial consciousness
artificial intelligence and artificial consciousnessthe human-like ‘intellectual’ capacity claimed to be possessed by some machines, especially computers that set out to mimic the behaviour of neurons. As Francis Crick argues in The Astonishing Hypothesis (1994): if the behaviour of real neurons is the basis of consciousness, then it is reasonable to begin to search for artificial consciousness among artificial neurons. Claims for artificial intelligence are controversial, however, given the complexities of the human brain and the interrelation of human consciousness and emotions, including human will.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000