artificial sweetener


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artificial sweetener:

see sweetener, artificialsweetener, artificial,
substance used as a low-calorie sugar substitute. Saccharin, cyclamates, and aspartame have been the most commonly used artificial sweeteners. Saccharin, a coal-tar derivative three hundred times as sweet as sugar, was discovered in 1879.
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sweetener, artificial,

substance used as a low-calorie sugar substitute. Saccharinsaccharin
, C7H5NSO3, white, crystalline, aromatic compound. It was discovered accidentally by I. Remsen and C. Fahlberg in 1879. Pure saccharin tastes several hundred times as sweet as sugar.
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, cyclamatescyclamate
, any member of a group of salts of cyclamic acid (cyclohexanesulfamic acid). The sodium and calcium salts were commonly used as artificial sweeteners until 1969, when their use was banned by the U.S.
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, and aspartame have been the most commonly used artificial sweeteners. Saccharin, a coal-tar derivative three hundred times as sweet as sugar, was discovered in 1879. Cyclamates were approved for consumer use in 1951; they are 30 times sweet as sugar and, unlike saccharin. have no bitter aftertaste at high concentration. They were banned in 1969 because of suspected carcinogenic properties. Aspartame, an amino-acid compound that is about 160 times as sweet as sugar, was discovered in 1965 and is a widely used low-calorie sweetener. It cannot be used in cooking because it is destroyed on boiling in water. People who are sensitive to the amino acid phenylalanine should not use aspartame. Neotame, an aspartame analog, is 30 to 60 times sweeter than aspartame, more stable at high temperatures, and far less likely to pose a risk to people sensitive to phenylalanine. Sucralose, which is manufactured by adding chlorine to sugar, is not destroyed by heat and is widely used as a sweetener in packaged foods that have been baked or otherwise heated during their processing. About 600 times sweeter than sugar, it was first synthesized in 1976. Stevioside, which is 300 times as sweet as sucrose, is a terpene derivative and is available in several countries.

artificial sweetener

[¦ärd·ə¦fish·əl ′swēt·nər]
(food engineering)
A sugar substitute, such as saccharin.
References in periodicals archive ?
"When we investigated why animals were eating more even though they had enough calories, we found that chronic consumption of this artificial sweetener actually increases the sweet intensity of real nutritive sugar, and this then increases the animal's overall motivation to eat more food," said Associate Professor Neely.
Moreover, in fizzy drinks the amount of sugar can be reduced without any significant change in its taste and appearance, this has encouraged the beverage manufacturers to substitute sugar with artificial sweeteners. The reduced cost of production and the better economy of scale are also boosting the growth of the artificial sweetener market.
Sales of stevia sweetener have eclipsed sales of artificial sweeteners including aspartame, sucralose and saccharin.
Unfortunately, switching to artificial sweeteners doesn't appear to be a clearly beneficial alternative.
A mounting obesity crisis in the United Kingdom (UK) and other developed nations has driven the proliferation of diet alternatives which use artificial sweeteners like aspartame, to replace more calorific sugar.
Artificial sweetener disrupts the body's physiological and homeostatic mechanisms by affecting the pancreas endocrine component17.
They checked those results against 125 controls who were referred for Hashimoto's work-up but turned out to be antibody negative; 15 (12%) regularly used artificial sweeteners, 110 (88%) did not.
Artificial sweeteners or intense sweeteners are sugar substitutes that are used as an alternative to table sugar.
Safety testing of artificial sweeteners. As with any food additive, a company that wants to put an artificial sweetener in a food or drink has to get permission from the U.S.
Danish researchers randomly assigned 22 overweight adults to consume beverages (like soft drinks and fruit drinks) or foods (like yogurt and ice cream) that were sweetened with either sucrose (table sugar) or artificial sweeteners. The sugar dose depended on the participant's size, but averaged about 36 teaspoons a day--and 70 percent of it came from the beverages.
artificial sweeteners. Though the term sometimes evokes negative reactions among the many of us on the quest for "all-natural" ingredients, or who even feel that these sweeteners are dangerous, keep in mind that artificial sweeteners are fully regulated by the FDA and need the agency's approval before they can be sold.
Researchers at the Water Technology Center in Karlsruhe, Germany, found artificial sweeteners in water even after it had gone through sewage treatment.