arts and crafts


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Related to arts and crafts: Arts and Crafts Movement

arts and crafts,

term for that general field of applied design in which hand fabrication is dominant. The term was coined in England in the late 19th cent. as a label for the then-current movement directed toward the revivifying of the decorative arts. The chief influence behind this movement was William MorrisMorris, William,
1834–96, English poet, artist, craftsman, designer, social reformer, and printer. He has long been considered one of the great Victorians and has been called the greatest English designer of the 19th cent.
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. By the mid-19th cent., factory processes had almost entirely driven artisans from their ancient trades and threatened to obliterate the techniques they used to produce beautiful objects of utility. The Gothic revivalGothic revival,
term designating a return to the building styles of the Middle Ages. Although the Gothic revival was practiced throughout Europe, it attained its greatest importance in the United States and England.
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, however, had brought into existence a great body of knowledge concerning the arts of the Middle Ages, and Morris, together with the Pre-RaphaelitePre-Raphaelites
, brotherhood of English painters and poets formed in 1848 in protest against what they saw as the low standards and decadence of British art. The principal founders were D. G. Rossetti, W.
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 painters and a small group of architects and designers, returned to these arts as a rich source of inspiration.

The pupils and followers of Morris multiplied, and proficient artisans developed. Their methods aimed at a practical demonstration not only of Morris's aesthetic creed but also of his ideas concerning socialism and the moral need for integrating beauty with the accessories of daily life. The aesthetic and political aspects of the arts and crafts movement influenced the development of modernism, particularly as they were later reflected in the core philosophy of the BauhausBauhaus
, artists' collective and school of art and architecture in Germany (1919–33). The Bauhaus revolutionized art training by combining the teaching of classic arts with the study of crafts.
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. The revival of folk arts has continued to prosper in some quarters, especially in remote communities and among Native Americans of the Southwest and the Eskimos (see North American Native ArtNorth American Native art,
diverse traditional arts of Native North Americans. In recent years Native American arts have become commodities collected and marketed by nonindigenous Americans and Europeans.
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).

A less aestheticized version of the arts and crafts movement was important in the United States, where it spread from England and flourished from the late 19th cent. to about 1915. It was prominent in American architecture and design, notably in the buildings and interiors of Greene and GreeneGreene and Greene,
architectural firm working in the American arts and crafts style, formed by the brothers Charles Sumner Greene, 1868–1957, and Henry Mather Greene, 1870–1954, both b. Brighton (now part of Cincinnati), Ohio.
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 and in the "mission-style" oak furniture of Gustav StickleyStickley, Gustav,
1858–1942, American furniture designer, b. Osceola, Wis. Probably the best-known American associated with the arts and crafts movement, Stickley ran a Binghamton, N.Y., chair factory in the 1880s.
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 (1858–1942) and his contemporaries. The movement's precepts were also applied to ceramics, glassware, utensils, and other objects of American daily life. The arts and crafts movement also spread to continental Europe, where it was quite influential during the late 19th and early 20th cent.

References in periodicals archive ?
PHOTO (1 -- color) Beverly Barreras of Simi Valley works on a new item in the midst of her crocheted creations displayed at the Fall Arts and Crafts Fair at the Simi Valley Senior Center, continuing today.
CLIKITS rely on the same push and snap principles that LEGO is known for, giving girls an arts and crafts project that they can use and wear when finished, and have as much fun showing off the finished products as they do creating them," says Byrne.
The 10,000-square-foot arts and crafts center would provide space for the abbey's ceramics program and monk artists' studios, O'Donnell said.
Different from anything else on the market today, DoodleLab e-Craft kits combine the best of both worlds: the simplicity of clicking and choosing designs on the computer with the customization and personalization of traditional arts and crafts.
Additionally, 12 percent of men and 12 percent of women 35-49 have spent $201 or more on arts and crafts materials in the past 12 months
STUDIO CITY FINE ARTS: Arts and crafts on display for seasonal shopping.
Their Arts and Crafts mansions, which seem to horizontally float like cruise ships on a calm sea, achieve an organic balance between exterior materials and angles and interior design.
as well as bewitching arts and crafts at each resort's signature Cub Club activity room, plus spooktacular story time in the Grand Lobby and more.
Commenting on Genovese's entrance into the arts and crafts retail market, Leonard Genovese, Chairman of the Board, President and CEO of Genovese Drug Stores, said, "We are very excited to be opening an arts and crafts super store.
The Pre-Raphaelites and Morris (with his paradox of being a revolutionary socialist while having to design for the rich) follow as introductions to the great range of Arts and Crafts activity between 1880 and 1910.
SAUGUS - Unusual gifts and original pieces of art will be among the offerings today and Sunday at Santa Clarita's Spring Arts and Crafts Fair at Central Park.
4 See Davey, Peter Arts and Crafts Architecture, Phaidon, London, 1995,pp 121-122.
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