prepared a novel poly(arylene
ether nitrile)/graphene composites and reported that the electrical properties of polymeric material were drastically enhanced by adding graphene.
Yang III, "Dissertation: Part I: Synthesis of Aromatic Polyketones via Soluble Precursors Derived from Bis (A-Amininitrile) S Part II: Modifications of Epoxy Resins with Functional Hyperbranched Poly (Arylene
Ester)s," Blacksburg, Virginia (1998).
Wang and Xu developed a new class of single-ion electrolyte including pendant lithium perfluoroethyl sulfonates based on aromatic poly(arylene
ether)s, polyphenylenes, or polyarylene sulfides.
Jannasch, "Block copolymers combining semi-fluorinated poly(arylene
ether) and sulfonated poly(arylene
ether sulfone) segments for proton exchange membranes," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.
 tested a Sulfonated poly(arylene
ether sulfone) membrane coated with a structure of many GO and aminated GO layers, showing a high salt rejection (above 98%), higher than the membrane without GO (94% salt rejection).
[14.] Yu, Seung Kim, "State of Water in Disulfonated Poly(arylene
ether sulfone) Copolymers and a Perfluorosulfonic Acid Copolymer (Nafion) and Its Effect on Physical and Electrochemical Properties." Macromolecules, Vol.36.17, pp.6281-6285, 2003.
Studies about polymer based sulfonated proton exchange membrane materials such as poly(arylene
ether sulfone)s , poly(ether ether ketone)s [12-14], poly(arylene
thioether) [15-17], poly(phenylene)s [18-20], polyimides [21-24], and other types of polymers have largely taken place in the scope of polymer electrolyte membrane researches so far.
Meng, Synthesis and characterization of sulfonatedfluorene-containing poly(arylene
ether ketone) for proton exchange membrane, Journal of Membrane Science: 266, 94-101 (2005)
DB-5MS (5% phenyl and 95% dimethyl arylene
siloxane; 30 m x 0.25 mm x 0.25 [micro]m; linear rate: 39 cm/s) and DB-17MS (50% phenyl and 50% dimethyl arylene
siloxane; 30 m x 0.25 mm x 0.25 [micro]m; linear rate: 44.4 cm/s) capillary columns were employed.
ether)s with pendant diphenyl phosphoryl groups: Synthesis, characterization, and thermal properties," Journal of Polymer Science A Polymer Chemistry, vol.
McGrath, "Zirconium hydrogen phosphate/disulfonated poly(arylene
ether sulfone) copolymer composite membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells," Journal of Membrane Science, vol.
Grigoras, "Synthesis of poly(arylene
vinylene)s containing carbazole, triphenylamine, and phenothiazine rings in the backbone by cascade suzukiheck reactions," International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials, vol.