The UK's BIM Level 2 documentation outlines this process for all parties and in particular requires the use of 3D digital measurement techniques to record as-constructed
For the first time, change synchronization can assure that BIM deliverables are updated for changes which occur during construction, aligning the as-designed, as-constructed
, and as-operated digital engineering models to improve both project performance and asset performance.
The clay sand liner is underlain by a drainage layer and overlain by sand and agricultural soil as indicated in the schematic diagram shown in Figure 1 which presents the general soil profile and view of the as-constructed
section covered by grass and installed with monitoring equipment.
The resources needed to check that the design intent is converted correctly into the as-constructed
structure will be greatly reduced with the removal of the intermediate step of concerting a 3D model into 2D documentation and back again to 3D structure.
For our limited purposes, a real estate appraisal is a third-party report prepared by a certified professional who may provide up to three valuations: (1) the current as-is value, (2) the fixture as-constructed
value, and (3) the fixture as-stabilized value.
NCD-based UV detector was characterized through either photoresponse or repeatability tests.
Comparing the data from distinct sensors and locations enables identification of correlations between as-constructed
properties of asphalt concrete in construction databases and field performance of pavements in pavement management systems to quantify the link between material quality, traffic flow and performance.
End-result and performance-related specifications, as their names imply, require a contractor to achieve specified as-produced or as-constructed
quality levels, which are ideally linked to the attainment of good future performance.
Under basic services, the architect typically delivers a redlined, marked-up set of as-constructed
drawings, most often produced by the building contractors.
The first report, Investigation of the Effect of Curling on As-Constructed
Smoothness and Ride Quality of KDOT Portland Cement Concrete (PCC) Pavements (K-TRAN: KSU-01-07), aims to quantify the effect of slab curling--the result of environmental conditions such as a temperature or moisture gradient across the thickness of a concrete pavement slab.
Using PRS and setting the acceptance quality characteristics can help highway agencies determine whether a contractor should receive incentive or disincentive payments for a project, depending on the as-constructed
quality of the work.