Turkey has large sources of asphaltic materials and asphaltite
, especially in the southeastern region, around Siirt, Sirnak, and Hakkari .
Mass distribution of the fractions obtained was expressed as a percentage (by weight) of the whole asphaltite
sample mass (Fig.
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In Turkey, energy is produced from such primary energy resources as hard coal, lignite, asphaltite
, petroleum and natural gas.
Fast pyrolysis of Sirnak asphaltite
(Turkey) and characterization of pyrolysis products // Energ.
South-Eastern region of Turkey has a relatively large asphaltite
is a solid petroleum fuel with a high softening point.
As the pyrolysis reaction runs, the coke aggregates and accumulates on the solid surface of the asphaltite
. It is formed by several related mechanisms including dehydrogenation, polymerization and condensation of both light olefinic and heavy aromatic compounds.
is a petroleum-originated substance formed by metamorphism.
According to the World Energy Council and Turkish National Committee (1998), the total reserve of asphaltic substances which are found in southeastern Turkey is about 82 million tonnes, with Silopi and Sirnak reserves together comprising the major part of the asphaltite
These resources include a wide variety of bituminous coal, lignite, oil shale, asphaltite
, and peat deposits and vary in reserve quality and physical characteristics .