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Related to assimilation: Cultural assimilation


Incorporation of solid or fluid material that was originally in the rock wall into a magma.
The conversion of nutritive materials into protoplasm.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


(especially in race relations) the process in which a minority group adopts the values and patterns of behaviour of a majority group or host culture, ultimately becoming absorbed by the majority group (compare ACCOMMODATION). The process can involve changes for both the majority and the minority groups. It may prove more difficult to accomplish where visible signs (e.g. clear-cut distinctions of‘colour’) form the basis of the original division (e.g. in the US ‘melting pot’, the assimilation of black minority groups).
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in physiology, the living organism’s utilization of food for the expenditure of energy and for restorative body functions. Complex food substances are assimilated after being broken down into simple compounds by the digestive enzymes. The effective degree of assimilation is determined by the difference between the body’s alimentary intake of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates and the end products resulting from their breakdown. The important factor in assimilation is not the absolute degree of digestibility but the rate at which food substances are digested, which may limit subsequent absorption.

The degree of assimilation depends on the nutritional regimen, food content, method of culinary preparation, and gastrointestinal tract functioning. The capacity to assimilate is lowered when the nutritional regimen is disrupted or when the stomach is overloaded with large quantities of food. Animal food products are assimilated more completely than vegetable products. The human body assimilates 92 to 96 percent of the proteins of animal origin, 46 to 70 percent of those from vegetables, 98 percent of the carbohydrates, and 95 percent of the fats ingested. The physiological value of food is largely determined by its assimilability, which must be taken into account in establishing nutritional norms. Unassimilable food substances, and especially cellulose, play an essential part in the movements of the intestine.


McDonald, P., R. Edwards, and D. Greenhalge. Pitanie zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1970. (Translated from English.)
Fiziologiia pishchevareniia. Leningrad, 1974. (Manual of physiology.)
Chernikov, M. P. Proteoliz i biologicheskaia tsennost’ belkov. Moscow, 1975.
Handbook of Physiology, vol. 1, sec. 6: Alimentary Canal. Washington, 1967.
Intestinal Absorption and Malabsorption. Basel-New York, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The assimilation is not exactly in the midline but slightly inclined to the right side.
Martin (2009) attributed the higher interest, dividend, and rental income of Black Caribbeans (relative to African Americans) in Census 2000 data to the assimilation of longer-stay older Black immigrants, and positively selected recent migrants.
The advanced data assimilation system used for assimilating the GOES-16 all-sky radiance is the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) hurricane analysis and forecast system, developed at the Pennsylvania State University (PSU), which is built around the Advanced Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF-ARW) and the Community Radiative Transfer Model (CRTM).
The assimilation of nonconventional observations is a very important aspect in regional weather and climate studies.
However, the artificial current is also absent from the unconstrained ROMS simulation, consistent with the origin being the Gibbs phenomenon in the wind product used in HY COM, and hence is not due to the assimilation. The added value of the assimilation is that it provide a solution that is consistent with the observations and reduces inconsistencies at the open boundaries.
In this paper, we propose the adjoint assimilation method with characteristic finite difference scheme (CFD) to predict the distribution of atmospheric aerosols.
Data assimilation techniques, which are the foundation of DDDS, can fuse real-time measurements with simulated states to best determine the states of the studied system.
The news for NDP's assimilation was also refuted by Organization Secretary of PDSH Reform Movement Arben Taravari who stressed that it is just a speculation and that their coalition works perfectly.
What role does assimilation play in that adjustment?