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a man with a constitution characterized by tall-ness, leanness, a long neck, a longitudinally extended skull, and a narrow and sharply outlined face. The German scientist E. Kretschmer linked the asthenic type with specific temperamental and character traits—an abnormal sensitivity coupled with coldness, nervousness and awkwardness, un-sociableness, and a tendency to “withdraw into oneself.” Today this notion of links between the asthenic constitution and the aforementioned character traits is under critical review, as is Kretschmer’s whole theory.


Kretschmer, E. Stroenie tela i kharakter. Moscow-Petrograd, 1924. (Translated from German.)


References in periodicals archive ?
The analysis of secondary factors showed the asthenic syndrome to be most expressed in the first testing period, followed by conversion syndrome, while aggressive-antisocial syndrome was the least expressed one.
The religious feelings include the combination of asthenic, asthenic pre-religious experiences.
Several early open-label studies of asthenic syndrome also suggested that R.
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Physical examination revealed that the patient had lost weight, was asthenic and pale.
(figure 5) On the fourth year of observation the patient presented a severe headache with deterioration in her consciousness being somnolent and asthenic. She also presented a fine and continuous tremor of her left hand.
(9) The clinical features of depressive episodes comorbid or associated with PTSD have some characteristics making it possible to individualize various clinical forms as a function of traumatic event type: asthenic, characterial or with somatic symptoms.
In the emotional component, sthenic (joy, admiration, optimism, etc.) and asthenic emotions (fear, anxiety, stress, uneasiness, etc.) were assessed.
In the integrated analysis, the most commonly reported adverse events were asthenic conditions (including fatigue, malaise, and weakness) (64%), nausea (55%), diarrhea (52%), constipation (41%), peripheral neuropathy NEC (including peripheral sensory neuropathy and peripheral neuropathy aggravated) (39%), thrombocytopenia and appetite decreased (including anorexia) (each 36%), pyrexia (34%), vomiting (33%), and anemia (29%).
Attention deficit disorder (without hyperactivity), anxiety-depressive disorders as well as asthenic symptoms were observed most frequently.