HURTADO RICARDO & ASTLER
GEORGE H & $352,000 434
Prognosis was evaluated according to four currently used staging systems, i.e., Dukes' system, the modified TNM system described by the American Joint Committee for cancer staging, the Australian Clinicopathological staging system and the Astler
Coller staging system.
This is different for pT3pN0 tumors, stage IIA tumors according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and UICC and B2 tumors according to the modified Astler
and Coller classification.
Author Note: Craig Astler
is a freelance writer based in Cleveland, OH.
(12) This was modified by Astler
and Coller in the 1950s.
CRC patients were grouped according to Duke's classification, as modified by Astler
and Coller (21), on the basis of the postoperative histopathologic evaluation.
After resection and with distant metastases excluded, the patient was staged as C2 according to Dukes' classification, modified by Astler
and Coller (9); she then received six cycles of adjuvant combination chemotherapy.