astroglia


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Related to astroglia: neuroglia

astroglia

[ə′sträg·lē·ə]
(neuroscience)
Neuroglia composed of astrocytes.
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, the cellular components of the blood-brain barrier that promote inflammation in the brain, such as microglia and astroglia, in addition to regulating blood-brain barrier may also be affecting several brain functions during sleep and sleep loss.
The new findings aren't the first to suggest astroglia had been given short shrift.
Estudios mas recientes han demostrado que en los cerebros adultos de los mamiferos existen celulas madre neurales capaces de auto-renovarse y que dan lugar a neuronas, celulas de la astroglia y de la oligodendroglia.
Pioglitazone enhances pyruvate and lactate oxidation in cultured neurons but not in cultured astroglia.
24) Luego de trasplantar esas celulas en animales se ha observado que se pueden obtener, dependiendo de las condiciones, diferentes tejidos como fibras musculares, (25) hepatocitos, (26) microglia y astroglia (27) y tejido neuronal.
Glial tubes are composed of a special type of astroglia that expresses the marker of mature CNS astrocytes [glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)] and also contain the cytoskeletal proteins vimentin and nestin.
Prion protein expression differences in microglia and astroglia influence scrapie-induced neurodegenration in the retina and brain of transgenic mice.
9) demostraron un proceso inflamatorio activo, con marcada activacion de microglia, astroglia y citocinas proinflamatorias, en la corteza cerebral, la sustancia blanca y notablemente en el cerebelo de pacientes con autismo.
10) La fisiopatologia del dano en la celula ganglionar secundaria a un proceso viral no esta del todo dilucidada; sin embargo, hay varios mecanismos de regulacion en los que se encuentra la activacion microglial dentro de la astroglia que lleva a la liberacion de neurotransmisores y moleculas tales como glutamato y anion superoxido, que poseen efecto citotoxico a nivel axonal en las celulas ganglionares de la retina.
Allen, El-Oqayli, Aschner, Syversen, & Sonnewald, 2001) claimed that the effect of methylmercury on the activity of astrocytes is mediated by the effect of this toxin on the mitochondria of the astroglia.
Differential ability of astroglia and neuronal cells to accumulate lead: dependence on cell type and on degree of differentiation.
Most proteins considered as biomarkers to date are derived from astroglia or neurons.