asylum


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asylum

(əsī`ləm), extension of hospitality and protection to a fugitive and the place where such protection is offered. The use of temples and churches for this purpose in ancient and medieval times was known as sanctuarysanctuary,
sacred place, especially the most sacred part of a sacred place. In ancient times and in the Middle Ages, a sanctuary served as asylum, a place of refuge for persons fleeing from violence or from the penalties of the law.
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. In modern international law, the granting of asylum to refugees from other lands is the right of a state by virtue of its territorial sovereignty. A fugitive, however, has no right to demand asylum from the state to which he flees; that state makes its own determination in each case. Between most nations there are treaties of extraditionextradition
, delivery of a person, suspected or convicted of a crime, by the state where he has taken refuge to the state that asserts jurisdiction over him. Its purpose is to prevent criminals who flee a country from escaping punishment.
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 providing for the mutual surrender of fugitives from justice, and there is a tendency to confine the granting of asylum to political refugees and victims of apparent discrimination and intolerance. Asylum has sometimes been granted more broadly; some Third World women have successfully sought asylum for themselves or their daughters in the United States or other Western nations to avoid forced genital mutilation, a traditional practice in a number of societies (see circumcisioncircumcision
, operation to remove the foreskin covering the glans of the penis. It dates back to prehistoric times and was widespread throughout the Middle East as a religious rite before it was introduced among the Hebrews.
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). A situation causing many international disputes is the use of embassies and legations, by virtue of their status of extraterritorialityextraterritoriality
or exterritoriality,
privilege of immunity from local law enforcement enjoyed by certain aliens. Although physically present upon the territory of a foreign nation, those aliens possessing extraterritoriality are considered by customary
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, as places of refuge in times of disorder and conflict. Most countries do not offer this type of asylum except when it seems necessary for the preservation of human life.

asylum

A building or group of buildings that serves as a refuge for the mentally ill.

asylum

1. International law refuge afforded to a person whose extradition is sought by a foreign government
2. Obsolescent an institution for the shelter, treatment, or confinement of individuals, esp a mental hospital (formerly termed lunatic asylum)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Teesside-based property developer is behind a number of big schemes on Teesside, and also is contracted by security firm G4S to provide accommodation for asylum seekers in the region.
The Livno Foreign Affairs Department made an informative interview with the asylum seekers, after which it was found that they had valid asylum cards, and were returned the same day to the asylum center in Trnovo near Sarajevo.
Many out of status people were advised by consultants or notarios to apply for political asylum in order to get a work authorization.
That's because most asylum cases are denied and under the recent change, even a person with a legitimate claim could be sent into removal proceedings immediately.
assistance to asylum seekers to complete an application form to confirm their eligibility for support.
Greece won on Monday a temporary injunction freezing asylum granted to a Turkish soldier who fled with seven others to the country after a botched coup attempt against Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan in 2016.
The asylum seekers fleeing their countries for safety in the UK Nbut only a EARLY 40,000 asylum seekers arrived in the UK in 2016, fraction are being allowed to stay.
An Iranian asylum seeker in Britain says he was forced by the UK government to meet an Iranian diplomat to discuss a voluntary return to Tehran, breaking a law that bans the UK from telling another country about an asylum claim.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A lawsuit has been filed that charges the USgovernment of violating individuals' rights to seek asylum, their due process rights under the Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution, and violated the United States' obligations under international law.
The court ruled that if the person was likely to face political persecution, arrest or torture upon returning to war-torn Syria, full asylum would be granted.
WARWICK has come under fire for failing to house a single asylum seeker recently.
CARDIFF has the fourth highest concentration of asylum seekers in the UK, according to official figures released by the Home Office.