asylum


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asylum

(əsī`ləm), extension of hospitality and protection to a fugitive and the place where such protection is offered. The use of temples and churches for this purpose in ancient and medieval times was known as sanctuarysanctuary,
sacred place, especially the most sacred part of a sacred place. In ancient times and in the Middle Ages, a sanctuary served as asylum, a place of refuge for persons fleeing from violence or from the penalties of the law.
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. In modern international law, the granting of asylum to refugees from other lands is the right of a state by virtue of its territorial sovereignty. A fugitive, however, has no right to demand asylum from the state to which he flees; that state makes its own determination in each case. Between most nations there are treaties of extraditionextradition
, delivery of a person, suspected or convicted of a crime, by the state where he has taken refuge to the state that asserts jurisdiction over him. Its purpose is to prevent criminals who flee a country from escaping punishment.
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 providing for the mutual surrender of fugitives from justice, and there is a tendency to confine the granting of asylum to political refugees and victims of apparent discrimination and intolerance. Asylum has sometimes been granted more broadly; some Third World women have successfully sought asylum for themselves or their daughters in the United States or other Western nations to avoid forced genital mutilation, a traditional practice in a number of societies (see circumcisioncircumcision
, operation to remove the foreskin covering the glans of the penis. It dates back to prehistoric times and was widespread throughout the Middle East as a religious rite before it was introduced among the Hebrews.
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). A situation causing many international disputes is the use of embassies and legations, by virtue of their status of extraterritorialityextraterritoriality
or exterritoriality,
privilege of immunity from local law enforcement enjoyed by certain aliens. Although physically present upon the territory of a foreign nation, those aliens possessing extraterritoriality are considered by customary
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, as places of refuge in times of disorder and conflict. Most countries do not offer this type of asylum except when it seems necessary for the preservation of human life.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

asylum

A building or group of buildings that serves as a refuge for the mentally ill.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

asylum

1. International law refuge afforded to a person whose extradition is sought by a foreign government
2. Obsolescent an institution for the shelter, treatment, or confinement of individuals, esp a mental hospital (formerly termed lunatic asylum)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the new rule, announced on Monday and slated to go into effect on Tuesday, asylum seekers who pass through other countries on their way to the US will no longer be eligible for asylum.
According to a new rule published in the Federal Register, asylum seekers who pass through another country first will be ineligible for asylum at the United States' southern border.
Some 2.1 million individual applications for asylum or refugee status were submitted to States or UNHCR in 158 countries or territories.
ISLAMABAD -- The number of asylum seekers from Pakistan has increased by 280 percent from 2017 to 2018 as the number has reached 35,800 in one year.
The refugee status of over 800 asylum seekers in Sri Lanka have been cleared, the Government said today.
President Donald Trump's new executive order for managing the tens of thousands of asylum seekers crossing the US-Mexico border each month contains a germ of sense, but for the most part, like his earlier efforts, it is too harsh and fails to address the underlying problems that propel migration.
Asylum seekers mobilised on Tuesday in Nicosia in a peaceful demonstration seeking to raise awareness regarding their limited employment opportunities as well as exploitative and abusive work conditions.
Before 2013, about one of every 100 immigrants arriving at our borders asked for asylum. Now, it's one out of every 10.
The number of applications received is one of the lowest since 1993.Slovak authorities only granted five people asylum last year, which is the lowest number in history.Last year, the figure was higher: they granted a total of 29 people asylum, the #268TK newswire reported.
WITH the number of so-called asylum-seekers having reached Britain by boat last year set to increase in the summer, how can these people be considered to be claiming asylum when they have already reached a safe haven in western Europe, where asylum can be claimed?
Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) has given assurances that two Chinese asylum seekers who arrived at Taoyuan International Airport on Sept.