Ataraxy

(redirected from ataraxia)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ataraxy

 

a concept of ancient Greek ethics, denoting calmness of the mind as the supreme value. Democritus understood ataraxy as the rule of reason over passions and the freedom of the soul from the fear of death and other misfortune. In the philosophy of Epicurus and his school, ataraxy is the highest ideal of life, the state of the wise man who has attained inner freedom. To skepticism ataraxy means restraint from judging the true and the false.

REFERENCE

Materialisty Drevnei Gretsii. Moscow, 1955. Pages 157, 181–82, 198, 224.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Lovecraft's work may well be an invitation to embrace Epicurean ataraxia, symbolized by Carter's ultimate return home and Kuranes's sadness not to be able to.
Epicuro proporciona una "medicina", la autos atisfaccion e independencia del ambiente externo, ataraxia (Jufresa, 1995:42).
Ataraxia is brought about by a suspension of epistemic commitment, yet the skeptic still enjoys a kind of consciousness endowed with a rich phenomenal content.
Overall, she praises the basically Stoic ideals embodied by her literary predecessor, Philips, and encourages women to read history and philosophy and to cultivate rational pleasures to achieve Epicurean ataraxia, or tranquil pleasure (Williamson 91-92).