athetosis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to athetosis: dystonia, Pupillary athetosis

athetosis

[‚ath·ə′tō·səs]
(medicine)
Slow, recurrent, involuntary wormlike movements of various parts of the body associated with lesions of the basal ganglia.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1, 4, 5) Instead, the production of involuntary movements met with serious difficulty, and only "choreoid hyperkinesia" as a model of ballism was succeeded by partial destruction of the contralateral subthalamic nucleus, (6) and athetosis by partial destruction of the anterior and posterior putamen in infant monkeys.
Patients in Group 2 were having Chorea (20%), Tics (13%) and Athetosis (7%).
The movie "What's Eating Gilbert Grape" (1993) can be used to present athetosis. Arnie Grape, played by Leonardo DiCaprio, is the younger brother of the main character in the movie.
The subdivision of the chapter on "Principles of treatment" into subsections as per the type of cerebral palsy: children with severe spasticity, moderate spasticity, choreo-athetosis, dystonic athetosis, ataxia, hypotonia, and mixed is helpful in understanding the spectrum of cerebral palsy, its presentation and developmental approaches.
A clinical examination allowed us to select patients without any associated problems that could influence their gait (e.g., athetosis, mental deficiency, or severe visual problems).
Following a brief overview of cerebral palsy and treatment approaches, the text classifies cerebral palsy into categories based on distinct pathophysiologies--hypotonia, hypertonia, quadriplegia, diplegia, congenital hemiplegia, athetosis, and ataxia.
Sequelae include cerebral palsy with athetosis (involuntary writhing movements), oculomotor damage, and high frequency hearing loss (Hayes, 2000).
The adverse side-effects of prolonged methamphetamine use can include paranoia, slurred speech, motor instability, violent behaviors (Hall, McPherson Twemlow, & Yudko, 2003), psychosis (Lin, Ball, Hsiao, Chiang, Ree, & Chen, 2004), and stereotypic behaviors such as purposeless physical activity, tremors, muscle tics, bruxism (teeth grinding), and athetosis (strange motor movements).
In basal ganglia diseases, dyskinesias may include chorea, tremors, tics, athetosis, myoclonus and dystonia.
Such involuntary movements may appear as dystonia, chorea, athetosis, or myoclonus.
Despite treatment with phototherapy and two double-volume exchange transfusions, on day 11, he developed athetosis, oral-motor dysfunction requiring a gastrostomy tube, and dental dysplasia.
Of the several types of cerebral palsy, spasticity and athetosis were the two involved in this study.