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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




References in periodicals archive ?
The first section includes a comprehensive list of commonly utilized words in athletic training.
Because the combined jobs of hill-time teaching and athletic training result in a 60-70 hour workweek, an effort can be made to reconcile the teaching load with the needs of the athletic training schedule.
Athletic training has evolved over the past few decades into a high reliability profession where errors in judgment and actions can cause catastrophic consequences.
The second edition of this textbook for athletic training students has been updated with new information on injuries and conditions, resources for educational requirements, diversity, employment settings and emerging trends.
Containing some 1,000 practice questions, this volume helps students of athletic training prepare to take the Board of Certification examination.
Dalis, who earns $167,508 a year based on his last contract, will spend much of his final months involved with the $5 million renovation of the Acosta Center, where the athletic training facilities, weight rooms and locker rooms are located.
For more information and to learn about degree programs in physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech, language and hearing sciences, health science, athletic training, nutrition, and rehabilitation counseling, visit http://www.
The pickle-juice solution) has been floating around for years and years, and every once in a while it pops up again,'' said Geoff Schaadt, UCLA's director of athletic training and rehabilitation.
Measurement and evaluation in physical activity applications; exercise science, physical education, coaching, athletic training, and health.
Salt Lake officials have acknowledged spending about $400,000 on scholarships and athletic training for 13 people, including six relatives of IOC members, but they have denied Hodler's charge that this money amounted to bribery.