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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Perceived motivational climate in the athletic training room.
“I am honored to be named medical director of Barton College's Athletic Training Education Program,” said Galland.
Department of Labor, athletic training, chiropractic, physical therapy, dietetics, and nutrition are allied healthcare occupations that fall into the Job Zone 5--occupations involving extensive preparation.
Imprecision in defining CA-MRSA allows for the possibility of case confusion among athletic training clinicians, sanitarians, health departments, and researchers, as well as in more general populations including the athletes themselves.
As Director of Athletic Training for the UFL, Aaron Miller is responsible for the care and prevention of athletic injuries for all of the UFL players.
More research is available for athletic training education, which is an allied health program that includes similar clinical education requirements as those of radiologic technology programs.
Athletes will enjoy an outstanding facility with state-of-the-art athletic training equipment along with comprehensive training services."
The meeting inspired Rubino to test Johnson's invention, which Johnson calls the future of athletic training, and Rubino ultimately offered him the help he needed to take off.
The primary reason was found to be that some certified athletic trainers did not receive the information in their own athletic training education.
"School systems are getting hammered with having to come up with rules," says Jon Almquist, Fairfax County Public School Athletic Training Program Specialist and National Athletic Trainers Association Task Force Chair.
Hearts enlarge during human development, in athletic training, and in some diseases.
Suanne Maurer-Starks is an assistant professor and athletic training program coordinator at Hofstra University in the Physical Education and Sport Sciences Department.