atomic fountain

atomic fountain

[ə¦täm·ik ′fau̇nt·ən]
(atomic physics)
A device in which atoms in a magnetooptic trap from a thermal beam are pushed upward with a pulse of laser light, causing them to assume a ballistic trajectory; used for studying free-falling atoms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chu founded a research group at Stanford and continued his particle physics work, overturning a theory on the minimum temperature for multi-level atoms and demonstrating the first atomic fountain.
Using the world's most precise clocks, known as atomic fountain clocks (SN: 8/7/99, p.
De Voe, rf spectroscopy in an atomic fountain, Phys.
Chu and graduate student Mark Kasevich conduct the atomic fountain gravity determination using lasers and magnetic fields to trap about 10 million sodium atoms at a time in a 1-millimeter-diameter zone, thereby cooling them to within 30-millionths of a degree of absolute zero.
switched to a new type of timekeeping technology--the atomic fountain clock--as the nation's primary time standard (SN: 8/7/99, p.
Using pulses of laser light, a team of physicists has succeeded in creating an atomic fountain.
To create an atomic fountain, Chu and his colleagues first use a laser beam to slow a stream of sodium atoms moving toward the laser (see illustration).
Washington, March 19 (ANI): With the aid of a new method developed by scientists in Germany, the output frequency of the atomic fountains clocks has become more stable.
There is still the idea of motion being measured, but instead of hairsprings and balance wheels, what's being measured is the absorption spectroscopy of cold atoms oscillating in atomic fountains.
As ordinary as they appear, each hangs on your wall, silently listening and reporting back on what's going on in those atomic fountains out West.
Metcalf predicts this method wil not only improve the quality of experiments involving atomic beams, atomic fountains (SN: 8/19/89, p.