Transcatheter closure as an alternative and equivalent method to the surgical treatment of atrial septal defect
in adults: comparison of early and late result.
Lutembacher Syndrome (LS) is a rare cardiac clinical entity comprising of an unusual combination of atrial septal defect
(ASD) and acquired Mitral valve stenosis (usually of the rheumatic nature).1 LS is an infrequent disorder with a prevalence of 0.001 million per population, mostly occurring in females.2,3 The clinical presentation and prognosis of the disease varies depending on a multitude of factors; the most important one being the size of the defect while other factors include severity of stenosis and compliance of the right ventricle.
He said that most often an atrial septal defect
is diagnosed when a physician hears a heart murmur during a physical examination.
A transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated a very large secundum-type atrial Septal defect
measuring 30 x 48 mm, with a calculated area of 10.6 [cm.sup.2] (white box).
(a) Twin A 2D imaging showing a ventricular septal defect, primum atrial septal defect
, and secundum atrial septal defect
In summary, we report a neonate with severe NS phenotypes including myeloproliferative disorder, transient thrombocytopenia, a secundum atrial septal defect
, moderate perimembranous ventricular septal defect, dysplastic mitral and tricuspid valves, bicuspid aortic valve and mild hypoplastic aortic arch, pylorospasm, splenic cyst, and a horseshoe kidney.
Hu et al., "Feasibility of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect
under the guidance of transthoracic echocardiography," Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi, vol.
small atrial septal defects
, complete atrio-ventricular septal defects, absent pulmonary valve syndrome, coronary artery malformations, patent ductus arteriosus and aorto-pulmonary collaterals5-7.
The heart-hand syndrome type I, also known as Holt-Oram syndrome is the most common and is usually associated with an atrial septal defect
. (3) Holt-Oram syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder with complete penetrance.
To study the short-term remodelling changes after surgical closure of atrial septal defect
by clinical, electrocardiographic, radiologic and echocardiographic methods.
When repairing ASDs, sinus venosus atrial septal defect
(SVASD), SND often occurs because ASD is closely related to the sinus node tissue [4, 5].
The associations between maternal gestational exposure to [PM.sub.10] and atrial septal defect
, fetal patent ductus arteriosus, and overall congenital heart malformations provide further evidence that prenatal exposure to air pollution is associated with risks for fetal heart malformations.