Correction of atrioventricular canal
defects in infancy using profound hypothermia.
7 cm CVRL, atrioventricular valves were first marked at the point where atrioventricular canal
opened into ventricles.
CHD children with congenital rubella infection may have open arterial duct, transposition of great vessels, common arterial trunk, atresia or malformations of atrioventricular and semilunar valve, open atrioventricular canal
, Fallot's tetralogy (5-10% of all CHD), IVSD (5%), stenosis of pulmonary artery (Babajanov et al.
In addition to the situs inversus totalis, a complete right-to-left reversal of the thoracic and abdominal organs, and her heart being on the right side of her chest, a condition known as dextrocardia, Isabelle's heart has at least seven severe defects, including: transposition of the great arteries; the pulmonary stenosis that keeps her heart from pumping enough blood; and atrioventricular canal
defect, a condition that includes her having a large hole in the center of her heart.
Of the structural cardiac abnormalities, 26% were complex cardiac defects, 26% were septal defects only, 19% were left or right hypoplastic heart, 15% were conotruncal abnormalities, 6% were defects of the atrioventricular canal
, and 9% were classified as "other" defects.
The contribution of the inferior endocardial cushion of the atrioventricular canal
to cardiac septation and to the development of the atrioventricular valves: study in the chick embryo.