Rhinitis

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rhinitis

[rī′nīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the mucous membranes in the nose.

Rhinitis

 

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose. It may be a self-contained disease or a symptom of acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, influenza, and other infectious diseases; it may also be the result of injury to a mucous membrane.

Acute rhinitis as a self-contained disease (the common cold) generally occurs in wet and cold weather. The causative agents are various microbes (streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci) and viruses. The predisposing factors are general and local chilling and mechanical and chemical irritants. Acute rhinitis usually ends with recovery. Complications (diseases of the paranasal sinuses, inflammation of the middle ear) are comparatively rare. Treatment includes sudorific agents (tea with raspberries), acetylsalicylic acid or aminophenazone when there is fever, nose drops (1 percent menthol oil, 1–3 percent ephedrine solution) to facilitate nasal breathing, and revulsive agents (mustard plasters applied to the feet and hot leg baths). Prevention includes the building up of natural resistance from early childhood.

Chronic rhinitis results from the repeated recurrence of acute rhinitis. It is manifested by constant thick discharges from the nose, obstruction of nasal breathing, and a decreased sense of smell. Treatment includes physical therapy, lubrication of the nasal mucosa, and the use of nose drops. Prevention includes the elimination of the causes of recurrent acute rhinitis.

A particular form of rhinitis is allergic, or anaphylactic, rhinitis, which is an allergic reaction to dust and to pollen when certain plants are in bloom (for example, hay fever). The disease is characterized by intermittent attacks marked by itching in the nose, frequent sneezing, copious watery discharges, and nasal obstruction. Treatment includes the administration of antiallergic agents and the detection and elimination of the allergen.

L. V. NEIMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
[Chronic atrophic rhinitis and Klebsiella ozaenae infection].
Closure of nostrils in atrophic rhinitis. Indian J Otolaryngol 1974;26(4):178-82.
Mazumder et al., "Characterization of Bordetella bronchiseptica associated with atrophic rhinitis outbreak in pigs," Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, vol.
Inadequate lacrimal sac exposure: 25 Uncorrected DNS : 6 Chronic rhinosinusitis/ polyps: 5 Fasciomaxillary injury: 2 Atrophic rhinitis: 1 Malignancy (mibomian carcinoma): 1 FOLLOW UP ASSESSMENT: Of 10 cases of revisions following primary external DCR surgery:
CONCLUSION: From the present study it is concluded that, DNE can prove to be better diagnostic modality in conditions like middle meatal secretions, atrophic rhinitis, nasal myasis, foreign body of nose, nasal polyps and to know the condition of nasal mucosa.
As a less radical alternative to Young's procedure, individually molded Silastic obturators have been placed in the nasal vestibules for the treatment of atrophic rhinitis (9) and epistaxis secondary to coagulation deficiency (Bernard-Soulier syndrome).
Common causes are poorly nourished sick children with poor personal hygiene, Atrophic rhinitis, Leprosy, Diabetes with purulent sinus infection, Midline granulomas, malignant lesions and Syphilis involving nose.
Atrophic rhinitis is a chronic nasal disease characterized by mucosal atrophy, resorption of the underlying bone, the formation of thick crusts, and a distinctive fetid odor.
INTRODUCTION: Atrophic rhinitis a chronic nasal disease characterised by progressive atrophy of mucosa & underlying bone of turbinates & form crusts which emit characteristic foul odour that is termed as ozaena.
Nasal manifestations were first reported by Kinnear in 1985 in a patient with atrophic rhinitis, chronic mucosal inflammation, and granuloma formation.
Hydro Med is rushing to supply its new product nationwide so those suffering from chronic sinusitis, CF, asthma, allergies, atrophic rhinitis, and other conditions can continue to benefit from pulsatile irrigation.