Vaginitis

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vaginitis

[‚vaj·ə′nīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the vagina.
Inflammation of a tendon sheath.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vaginitis

 

(colpitis), an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. Vaginitis is often combined with inflammation of the external genitalia; that is, it may occur as vulvovaginitis.

Vaginitis is caused by the penetration into the vagina of various microbes or parasites (gonococci, trichomonads, and pinworms) from contaminated underclothing or dirty hands or after failure of one partner to observe the rules of sexual hygiene, and so forth. It may also occur after prolonged mechanical irritation of the mucous membrane (for example, prolonged wearing of a girdle for prolapse of the uterus). Vaginitis may develop in girls age three to ten when the vagina becomes infected by the blood flow (in diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, and other diseases).

The symptoms of the disease include swelling and reddening of the mucous membrane of the vagina, purulent leukorrhea (sometimes with an admixture of blood), a sensation of heaviness in the lower abdomen, a burning sensation, and pruritus of the external genitalia. Among the symptoms of vulvovaginitis are a reddening of the external genitalia that often spreads to the thighs and buttocks, purulent discharges, and pruritus. Senile vaginitis may arise after age-related changes (shriveling and dryness of the mucous membrane of the vagina). Treatment involves removal of the causes of vaginitis. In cases of trichomonad vaginitis both spouses are usually treated at the same time.

Vaginitis in animals results from injury to the vagina during labor and mating as well as from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the vaginal mucous membranes. The course of vaginitis may be acute or chronic. The vaginal mucous membrane in sick animals is edematous and hemorrhagic. In suppurative vaginitis, the body temperature is raised, urination becomes painful, the animal’s general condition deteriorates, and, in cows, the milk yield declines. Putrescent vaginitis often ends in death. Vaginitis, especially if chronic, may impair the animal’s reproductive capacity. Treatment involves washing the vagina with disinfectants and irrigation with antibiotics. Vaginitis may be prevented by the observance of hygienic regulations during parturition, mating, and artificial insemination of animals.

REFERENCES

Studentsov, A. P. Veterinarnoe akusherstvo i ginekologiia, 3rd. ed. Moscow, 1961.
Gubarevich, la. G. “Vaginit.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnosis and treatment of atrophic vaginitis. Am Fam Physician 2000; 15; 61(10): 3090-96.
(%) NILM 482 (61.5) 16 (66.7) Reparative changes 189 (24.1) 7 (29.2) Atrophic vaginitis 60 (7.7) 0 (0.0) Trichomonas vaginalis 21 (2.7) 1 (4.2) Fungal organisms consistent 15 (1.9) 0 (0.0) with Candida spp Cellular changes consistent 12 (1.5) 0 (0.0) with herpes simplex virus Follicular/lymphocytic 5 (0.6) 0 (0.0) cervicitis Total 784 24 Participant Interpretation ThinPrep, (a) SurePath, (b) No.
* The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis)
Previously, all 24 patients on vaginal estrogens had unsuccessfully tried all the other methods of improving atrophic vaginitis. Vaginal estrogens were the only option left, Dr.
For women who do not have a medical history that would contraindicate estrogen use, low-dose topical estrogen cream for a short-term course may be helpful in alleviating atrophic vaginitis. This can improve urge incontinence in some women.
Treatment should begin by ruling out readily reversible causes, such as urinary tract infection, atrophic vaginitis, a rectal impaction, or incontinence as a side effect of medications.
Lack of estrogen in the vaginal tissues or atrophic vaginitis is also an easily treatable cause of incontinence in post-menopausal women.
[USPRwire, Wed Oct 17 2018] Postmenopausal Vaginal Atrophy Treatment & Drug Market: Overview Postmenopausal vaginal atrophy (PVA), also known as postmenopausal atrophic vaginitis, refers to the drying, thinning, and inflammation of the vaginal walls owing to lower levels of estrogen.
Table 4 analyzes detailed categories of misinterpretation of HSIL within the PAP-Edu program, including LSIL, NILM, reparative changes, Trichomonas vaginitis, cellular changes consistent with herpes simplex virus, atrophic vaginitis, fungal organisms consistent with Candida species, and follicular cervicitis.
Gynoflor, a product licensed to Acerus in Canada by Medinova AG, is an ultra-low dose vaginal estrogen therapy with the addition of lactobacillus, for the treatment of atrophic vaginitis, certain vaginal infections and to restore a healthy vaginal environment.
GlobalData's clinical trial report, "Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis) Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2015" provides an overview of Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis) clinical trials scenario.