attachment

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attachment

1. 
a. the arrest of a person for disobedience to a court order
b. the lawful seizure of property and placing of it under control of a court
c. a writ authorizing such arrest or seizure
2. Law the binding of a debt in the hands of a garnishee until its disposition has been decided by the court

attachment

  1. the emotional bond between infant and mother.
  2. the types of behaviour displayed by the infant to indicate an attachment, e.g. following parents, crying, smiling.
  3. the more abstract psychological tie felt towards a nurturing figure involving a mutual dependency for emotional satisfaction.
A theory of attachment was first proposed by BOWLBY (1958,1969) who was primarily concerned with the first two interpretations, citing ethological evidence to support his claims about how human infants use certain types of behaviour to elicit psychological as well as physical care from their mothers. Attachment merely refers to whether the child has formed a tie to a caregiver, but more recently the notion of security of attachment (Ainsworth et al., Strange Situation Behaviour of One-year Olds, 1978) was established to assess the quality of the attachment relationship once it has been formed.

attachment

[ə′tach·mənt]
(computer science)
An additional file sent with an e-mail message.
(organic chemistry)
The conversion of a molecular entity into another molecular structure solely by formation of a single two-center bond with another molecular entity and no other changes in bonding.
(psychology)
The behavior of an individual who relates in an affiliative or dependent manner to another individual or object.
(virology)
The initial stage in the infection of a cell by a virus that follows a chance collision by the virus with a suitable receptor area on the cell.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several clinical studies have reported more attachment loss over time in furcation sites versus non-furcation sites.
50 individuals had no attachment loss out of which 36 (72%) had good glycaemic control; 11 (22.
The American Academy of Periodontology's "Comprehensive Periodontal Therapy Statement," published in the July 2011 issue of the Journal of Periodontology, outlines specific procedures that should be included in annual comprehensive periodontal evaluations to receive an accurate diagnosis, including both probing depth and attachment loss measurements.
The presence of probing depth in areas where there was no attachment loss is due to false pocketing resulting from gingival inflammation.
We defined periodontal disease as attachment loss of at least 3 mm on at least three teeth.
Severity of periodontal disease was defined as Clinical Attachment Loss (CAL), taking into account the following criteria: Severe periodontitis: CAL 5 mm, mild periodontitis: CAL 3 to 4 mm and slight periodontitis: CAL 1 to 2 mm (12).
Key Words: Periodontal attachment loss, epidemiology, gingivitis, Mexico, periodontal disease, smoking (source: MeSH, NLM).
This regression was adjusted for level of formal education, household income, baseline clinical status (loose teeth upon clinical examination, presence of severe gum attachment loss, presence of a root fragment), and reason for the dental extraction (toothache, loose tooth, broken tooth, cavities).
Four types of periodontal disease measures were used to indicate oral bone loss: periodontal pocket depth, attachment loss extent, attachment loss severity, and the presence of dental furcations.
Those with periodontal disease, defined by mean periodontal attachment loss of greater than three millimeters (approximately an eighth of an inch), were found to have nearly a one-and-a-half-times greater risk of COPD.
This aggressive form of periodontitis, which typically manifests itself as severe attachment loss and periodontal pocketing in a younger group of patients than chronic periodontitis, is often associated with smoking.
FPG: fasting plasma glucose, PPPG: postprandial plasma glucose, HbA1C: haemoglobin A1C, GFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate, CVD: cardiovascular disease, DKD: diabetic kidney disease, OHI-S: oral hygiene index-simplified, CAL: clinical attachment loss, BOP: bleeding on probing, PPD: pocket probing depth.