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natural or synthetic substances that attract animals. Insects are especially sensitive to attractants. Three basic types of attractants are known: sexual attractants, which attract the way that members of the opposite sex do; food attractants, which attract the way food does; and attractants which attract like a substratum for egg-laying. The sexual attractants are the best known. It has been established that substances extracted from the females of some insect species in a concentration of 1 x 10-14 mg per liter of air attract males of the same species, and sometimes those of other genetically close species. Cases have been observed in which butterflies are attracted from a distance of 3 to 9 km. The presence of attractants has been established in more than 300 insect species. For some of them the attractants have been extracted and their structures have been studied—for example, the attractant of the gypsy moth gyp-tol (formula 1).

In order to attract the gypsy moth, the synthetic product gyplur (formula 2) can also be used. It is a homologue of gyptol and trimedlur (tributyl ester 4- [or 5-] chlor-2- methyl-cyclohexane carbonic acid [formula 3]) from the eastern fruitfly.

Attractants are of practical use in fighting plant pests and animal parasites. Using the attractants as bait, one can exterminate the insects with a minimal waste of insecticides; it is also possible to disorient the males and thus reduce the numerical size of the following generations. Attractants are also used for determining which harmful insects have infected a crop.


Korotkova, O. A. “Privlekaiushchie veshchestva (atraktanty).” Zhurnal Vsesoiuznogo khimicheskogo obshchestva im. D. I. Mendeleeva, 1964, vol. 9, no.5.
Lebedeva, K. V. “Privlekaiushchie veshchestva (atraktanty).” Zhurnal Vsesoiuznogo khimicheskogo obshchestva im. D. I. Mendeleeva, 1968, vol. 13, no.3.
Jacobson, M. Insect Sex Attractants. New York and others, 1965.
Advances in Pest Control Research, vol. 3. Edited by R. L. Metcalf. New York-London, 1960.


References in periodicals archive ?
consistently associated with that attractant among different trials, and never associated with any other attractant.
The contents are 100 percent deer urine enhanced with Glo-Cote Technology, which serves as a UV visual attractant for a double whammy bucks can't ignore.
Different types of flies require different chemicals to control, and different attractants.
Through its subsidiaries Tink's and Dead Down Wind, Arcus manufactures and markets a range of leading deer lures, attractants, and scent control products.
to develop an ovitrap--a device that resembles a bucket with a funnel, that uses attractants to lure mosquitoes and have them lay their eggs in the trap.
For the last three Decembers, using the attractant, I've been lucky enough to score.
Changes to the trap's design and to the combination of attractants and LED wavelengths can also be made to effectively target fleas, ticks, bed bugs, and mosquitoes.
6) The Fly Terminator Pro is a reusable, fairly inexpensive, (one gallon) trap capable of capturing large numbers of filth flies and is baited with a potent chemical attractant (Terminator Fly Attractant).
Attractant scents are an important consideration in areas where baiting is permitted, as they can enhance the natural attraction of foods, whether planted or dispersed from a feeder, by creating more scent to drift out on thermals and breezes and bring in deer from farther away.
com)-- Romance home party company Brown Bag Party today released their custom blended pheromone attractant Domestic Diva's Instinctively Yours.
The UltrabiteA[R] sports fishing pheromone attractant brand and the associated rights has been sold to Rapala VMC Corporation.