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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



natural or synthetic substances that attract animals. Insects are especially sensitive to attractants. Three basic types of attractants are known: sexual attractants, which attract the way that members of the opposite sex do; food attractants, which attract the way food does; and attractants which attract like a substratum for egg-laying. The sexual attractants are the best known. It has been established that substances extracted from the females of some insect species in a concentration of 1 x 10-14 mg per liter of air attract males of the same species, and sometimes those of other genetically close species. Cases have been observed in which butterflies are attracted from a distance of 3 to 9 km. The presence of attractants has been established in more than 300 insect species. For some of them the attractants have been extracted and their structures have been studied—for example, the attractant of the gypsy moth gyp-tol (formula 1).

In order to attract the gypsy moth, the synthetic product gyplur (formula 2) can also be used. It is a homologue of gyptol and trimedlur (tributyl ester 4- [or 5-] chlor-2- methyl-cyclohexane carbonic acid [formula 3]) from the eastern fruitfly.

Attractants are of practical use in fighting plant pests and animal parasites. Using the attractants as bait, one can exterminate the insects with a minimal waste of insecticides; it is also possible to disorient the males and thus reduce the numerical size of the following generations. Attractants are also used for determining which harmful insects have infected a crop.


Korotkova, O. A. “Privlekaiushchie veshchestva (atraktanty).” Zhurnal Vsesoiuznogo khimicheskogo obshchestva im. D. I. Mendeleeva, 1964, vol. 9, no.5.
Lebedeva, K. V. “Privlekaiushchie veshchestva (atraktanty).” Zhurnal Vsesoiuznogo khimicheskogo obshchestva im. D. I. Mendeleeva, 1968, vol. 13, no.3.
Jacobson, M. Insect Sex Attractants. New York and others, 1965.
Advances in Pest Control Research, vol. 3. Edited by R. L. Metcalf. New York-London, 1960.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike some attractants, Pour-It-On is fortified with zinc, copper, magnesium, and manganese to increase bioavailability, which means the deer will actually benefit from eating it.
Based on how much whitetails rely on their sense of smell for identifying and communicating with other deer, scent lures and attractants have great potential as hunting tools.
Another option is not use DW, however it would be necessary to use some feed container, which allow dispersion of attractant chemical compounds.
Post hoc pairwise comparisons between each pair of attractant traps were conducted with P values adjusted using Bonferroni's correction to avoid increases of type I error due to multiple testing.
Different types of flies require different chemicals to control, and different attractants. Also, by knowing what species of fly you are dealing with, you can also work to eliminate or at least reduce its preferred habitat, breeding grounds or attractants.
Through its subsidiaries Tink's and Dead Down Wind, Arcus manufactures and markets a range of leading deer lures, attractants, and scent control products.
to develop an ovitrap--a device that resembles a bucket with a funnel, that uses attractants to lure mosquitoes and have them lay their eggs in the trap.
For the last three Decembers, using the attractant, I've been lucky enough to score.
The good news is that I now understand a biochemical explanation for what the water "attractant" is and how to recreate it within your body through a series of interventions.
Combining the LEDs with an attractant made the pyramid design even more effective, capturing 70 beetles versus 4 using a standard dome design.
* Compare fly capture and kill totals of traps in which Terminator Fly Attractant was not changed versus attractant changed daily.