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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



establishing the authors of anonymous and pseudonymous scholarly and artistic works or the time and place of their creation (such as, their artistic schools and countries).

In art scholarship attribution is based, for the most part, on an analysis of the stylistic and technical characteristics of the work (the material, the composition, the artist’s individual manner, and so on). In attribution a large role is played by the discovery of the purpose and subject of the work, by using historical and cultural data, archives, and literary sources. In the past attribution was based solely on the empirical knowledge and intuitive conclusions of experts. Since the end of the 19th century attribution has also been based on scientific stylistic analysis and the results of chemical and physical investigations (photomacrography and microphotography, roentgenography, the use of infrared and ultraviolet rays, and so on).

In literary scholarship attribution is one of the oldest problems of textual study (for example, the so-called Homeric problem, which dates back to the ancient period). Attribution is important, for example, in the study of Old Russian literature. This is so because until the 17th century manuscript works were, as a rule, anonymous and were often multilayered compilations. The work of attribution is carried out in three basic areas: the search for documentary and factual proof, the discovery of the ideological and imagina! content of the text, and an analysis of the language and style.


Friedländer, M. Znatok iskusstva. Edited by B. Vipper. Moscow, 1923. (A translation.)
Restavratsiia i issledovanie khudozhestvennykh pamiatnikov. Moscow, 1955. (A collection.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For each negative outcome on the RMQ, the attributional dimensions ("locus," "internal control," "stability," "external control") are each measured by 3 rating scales (see Appendix footnote).
Measurement invariance across sex of a mesure of hostile attributional bias.
The most interesting result of the data found in the present study, however, concerns the relationship between attachment and cumulative trauma, due to exposure to abuse for a long period of time, showing the emergence of the attributional style.
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the seasonal attribution of two distinct groups of NFL fans and the moderating impact of team identification on a fan's attributional bias.
External attributional style/locus of control and sexual risk perception.
Attributional theory has gained a leading position in social psychology and then tune into the psychology of religion.
harm of unwanted attributional parenthood is significant and can justify
Reconfiguring UDITPA's long-standing apportionment rules, the validity of the MTC Compact's apportionment election, the expansion of attributional nexus, and the application of sales tax to the digital economy will all play prominent roles in 2014.
Closely related to attributional style is another social cognitive component of career decision making--namely, CDSE--which refers to how confident an individual is that he or she can perform various career-related tasks (Betz & Taylor, 2005).
This article presents one construct, attributional beliefs, in more detail to provide examples of counseling approaches discussed in the last section.
In this study it was assumed that communicating participants' perceptions of the target would be influenced by the attributional bias, by the kind of identity cues and by how distracted they were during the interactions.