auburn

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Auburn

(ô`bərn). 1 City (1990 pop. 33,830), Lee co., E Ala.; inc. 1839. The city's economy centers around Auburn Univ.Auburn University,
main campus at Auburn, Ala.; land-grant and state supported; opened 1859 as East Alabama Male College, reorganized 1872 as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama; became coeducational 1892; renamed Alabama Polytechnic Institute 1899, Auburn Univ.
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; there is some manufacturing. 2 City (1990 pop. 24,309), seat of Androscoggin co., SW Maine, on the Androscoggin River (crossed by several bridges) opposite LewistonLewiston.
1 City (1990 pop. 28,082), seat of Nez Perce co., NW Idaho, at the Wash. line and at the junction of the Snake and Clearwater rivers; founded 1861. It is the commercial and industrial center of a timber, grain, and livestock region that also has lime, clay, and
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; settled 1765 on the site of a Native American village, inc. 1842. With Lewiston, Auburn long formed one of the most important industrial complexes in Maine. Abundant water power spurred a large variety of manufactures, including shoes (manufactured there since c.1835) and bricks; in the late 20th cent., however, industry declined. Nearby Mt. Apatite is a source of apatite and feldspar. 3 City (1990 pop. 31,443), seat of Cayuga co., W central N.Y., in the Finger Lakes region, on the outlet of Owasco Lake; settled 1793, inc. 1848. Its manufactures include transportation equipment, machinery, rope, fiber-optic instruments, leather products, steel, fuel oil tanks, and electronic parts. It is the site of Auburn State Prison (built 1816), in which Thomas Mott OsborneOsborne, Thomas Mott,
1859–1926, American prison reformer, b. Auburn, N.Y., grad. Harvard, 1884. As chairman (1913) of the state commission on prison reform he became a voluntary prisoner in the Auburn penitentiary in order to learn conditions at first hand.
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, the prison reformer (who was born in Auburn), served a voluntary term. The city's museum has collections of historical documents and Native American relics. The houses of William H. SewardSeward, William Henry,
1801–72, American statesman, b. Florida, Orange co., N.Y. Early Career

A graduate (1820) of Union College, he was admitted to the bar in 1822 and established himself as a lawyer in Auburn, N.Y., which he made his lifelong home.
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 and Harriet TubmanTubman, Harriet,
c.1820–1913, American abolitionist, b. Dorchester co., Md. Born into slavery, she escaped to Phildelphia in 1849, and subsequently became one of the most successful "conductors" on the Underground Railroad.
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 are preserved. 4 City (1990 pop. 33,102), King co., W Wash., on the Green and White (Stuck) rivers, between Seattle and Tacoma; settled 1855, inc. 1914. It is a railroad junction and farm trade center. Auburn also possesses a large aircraft industry and is the site of a Federal Aviation Administration air traffic control center.

Auburn

agricultural village which loses inhabitants with onslaught of industry. [Br. Lit.: “The Deserted Village” in Traveller]

auburn

a moderate reddish-brown colour