Audiology

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audiology

[‚ȯd·ē′äl·ə·jē]
(acoustics)
The science of hearing.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Audiology

 

the study of hearing. Audiology studies the condition of a person’s hearing and the causes of deafness and hearing disorder and develops methods for their diagnosis and prophylaxis. The study of the influence of industrial factors (noise, vibration, toxic materials) on the auditory functions and the prophylaxis of these disorders occupies an important place. The practical goal of audiology is to combat deafness. With the development of functional ear surgery, the object of which is the restoration and improvement of hearing, audiology has come to include the study of the advisability of ear operations and the appraisal of their results. The elaboration of methods for combating hearing disorders in children is a special area in audiology— pedaudiology.

REFERENCE

Undrits, V. F., Ia. S. Temkin, and L. V. Neiman. Rukovodstvo po klinicheskoi audiologii. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The increasing annual frequency of 300% for new cisplatin-receiving patients who were audiologically monitored during treatment between 2006 and 2010 can be attributed to improved awareness of the ototoxic effects of cisplatin on the part of SA oncologists.
The difference between audiologically deaf and hard of hearing is nebulous; it is not always clearly evident.
Five of the students were identified audiologically with severe-profound hearing losses, four with profound hearing losses, and one with a moderate-severe hearing loss.
Of 32 considered for controls, seven were excluded audiologically (Table I).
And, increasingly, the professional must understand the self-definition and identity of the person with a hearing loss: Deaf (with capital "D" for culturally deaf),(1) deaf (small "d" for audiologically deaf),(2) hard of hearing, or, less frequently, "hearing impaired." They must also understand how these identifications may shape the entirety of the person's existence.